Artifical intelligence: need to reboot dental education

Artifical intelligence and dentistry

  • Deepti Sharma assistant professor
  • Gauri Malik BFUHS, Professor
  • George Koshy
  • George Koshy
  • Vishal Sharma
Keywords: health education; competency; artificial intelligence; curricular reforms; machine learning, technology.


We are heading towards a digital era and have to brace ourselves to adapt to technological innovations. The interest in competencies, knowledge processing and measuring specific learning is accelerating throughout the world. Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly impacting the delivery of healthcare, medical education and dentistry is no exception. In dentistry, the tremendous amount of patient data requires intelligent softwares for computation and AI can be utilized for patient diagnosis, treatment planning, education and research.

            The speed at which new AI technologies are developing and introduced into clinical practice, warrants equipping our graduates with necessary knowledge and skills to exploit AI technologies to maximum benefit. Dentists are always at the front foot of embracing a new technology. Hence, understanding the various concepts and the techniques involved will have a clear advantage in the future. This review is an attempt to provide a perspective on the benefits of AI in dentistry and also emphasizes on the need to bring dental education reforms to foster  competency based education model and Artifical intelligence.



1. Sharma R, Bakshi H, Kumar P. Competency-based undergraduate curriculum: A critical view. Indian J Community Med 2019;44:77-80
2. Herur A, Kolagi S. Competency-based medical education: Need of the hour: Let's do our bit…!!. BLDE Univ J Health Sci 2016;1:59-60
3. Paranjape K, Michiel Schinkel, Panday RN, Car J, Nanayakkara P. Introducing Artificial Intelligence Training in Medical Education. JMIR Med Educ. 2019; 5(2): e16048.doi: 10.2196/16048
4. Bindushree V, Sameen J, Vasudevan V, Shrihari T G, Devaraju D, Mathew NS. Artificial intelligence: In modern dentistry. J Dent Res Rev 2020;7:27-31
5. Elangovan S, Allareddy V, Singh F, Taneja P, Karimbux N. Indian Dental Education in the New Millennium: Challenges and Opportunities. J Dent Educ. 2010 Sep;74(9):1011-6.
6. Lagali-Jirge V. Need for paradigm shift in Indian dental education: A case for change toward competency-based education. J Indian Acad Oral Med Radiol 2015;27:230-6
7. Shilpi Sharma. Artificial intelligence in dentistry: the current concepts and a peek into the future. Int J Contemp Med Res.;6(12):5-9.
8. Chan KS, Zary N. Applications and Challenges of Implementing Artificial Intelligence in Medical Education: Integrative Review. JMIR Med Edu 2019; 5(1):e13930DOI: 10.2196/13930
9. Hodgson T, Coiera E. Risks and benefits of speech recognition for clinical documentation: a systematic review. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016;23(e1):e169–79. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocv152.
10. Mupparapu M, Wu CW, Chen YC. Artificial intelligence, machine learning, neural networks, and deep learning: futuristic concepts for new dental diagnosis. Quintessence Int. 2018;49:687–688.
11. Widmann G. Image-guided surgery and medical robotics in the cranial area. Biomed Imaging Interv J 2007;3:e11.
12. Davenport TA, Kalakota RB. The potential for artificial intelligence in healthcare. Future Healthcare Journal 2019; 6(2): 94–8.
13. Katne T, Kanaparthi A, Gotoor S, Muppirala S, Devaraju R, Gantala R. Artificial intelligence: demystifying dentistry – the future and beyond. Int J Contemp Med Surg Radiol. 2019;4(4):D6-D9.
14. Shuman L, Parashar A, Angam SA. The AI revolution coming to dentistry. Dental Products Report. May 2018. p. 40.
15. Kalappanavar A, Sneha S, Annigeri RG. Artificial intelligence: A dentist’s perspective. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:2-4
16. Vashisht A, Choudhary E. Artificial intelligence; mutating dentistry 2019. Int J Res Analyt Rev 2019;6: (E-ISSN 2348-1269, P- ISSN 2349-5138).
17. Deshmukh SV. Artificial intelligence in dentistry. J Int Clin Dent Res Organ 2018;10:478.
18. Khanna SS , DhaimadePA. : Artificial Intelligence : Transforming Dentistry Today. Indian Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Research; June 2017: Vol.-6, Issue- 3, P. 161-67.
19. Briganti G , Le Moine O. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: Today and Tomorrow 2020. Front. Med; 7:1-6. doi: 10.3389/fmed.2020.0002
20. Rigby MJ. Ethical Dimensions of Using Artificial Intelligence in Health Care. AMA J Ethics. 2019;21(2):E121-124.doi10.1001/amajethics.2019.121
21. Wartman SA. Medical Education Must Move From the Information Age to the Age of Artificial Intelligence. Academic Medicine 2018; 93(8):1107-1109.doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000002044
22. Schwendicke F, Samek W, Krois J. Artificial Intelligence in Dentistry: Chances and Challenges. J Dent Res; 99(7):1-6.doi: 10.1177/0022034520915714
23. Wartman SA. Medical education needs a reboot!! 2016 Mansbach lecture. Presented at: Eastern Virginia Medical School; October 5, 2016; Norfolk, VA. Accessed October 25, 2017.
24. Park JH, Lim Y. What should medical students know about artificial intelligence in medicine? J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2019;16:18. doi: 10.3352/jeehp.2019.16.18. doi: 10.3352/jeehp.2019.16.18
25. Wartman SA, Combs CD. Reimagining medical education in the age of AI. AMA J Ethics. 2019;21(2):E146-E152.
26. Balasubramanian M, Short SD, Gallagher JE. Dental professionals for a new century: Transforming dentistry through interprofessional education and collaborative practice. Indian J Dent Res 2018;29:401-3
27. Padmapriya T. The perspectives and perceptions of dental education in the West and an overview of dental education in India. J Educ Ethics Dent 2015;5:41-6
28. Joda T , Bornstein MM , Jung RE , Ferrari M, Waltimo T, Zitzmann NU. Recent Trends and Future Direction of Dental Research in the Digital Era. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020, 17(6): 1987;
29. Hwang JJ, Jung YH, Cho BH, Heo MS. Imaging Sci Dent. 2019 Mar; 49(1): 1–7.doi: 10.5624/isd.2019.49.1.1
30. Wald HS, George P, Reis SP, Taylor JS. Electronic health record training in undergraduate medical education. Acad Med. 2014;89(3):380–6. doi: 10.1097/acm.0000000000000131
31. Bayne S. Teacherbot: interventions in automated teaching. Teaching in Higher Education. 2015;20(4):455–467. doi: 10.1080/13562517.2015.1020783.
How to Cite
Sharma, D., Malik, G., Koshy, G., Koshy, G., & Sharma, V. (2021). Artifical intelligence: need to reboot dental education . UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES, 7(2), 138 - 142.