UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES <p><strong>( An official publication of Aligarh Muslim University)</strong></p> en-US (Prof. N.D. Gupta) (Aligarh Web Solutions) Tue, 28 Jun 2022 05:42:56 +0000 OJS 60 Who is an Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon? Prof. Sarwar Hashmi Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Mon, 20 Jun 2022 04:03:02 +0000 Effect of different apical plug thickness of calcium silicate cements on fracture resistance of simulated immature teeth <p class="Default" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><strong>Aim and Objectives: </strong>Treatment goal of traumatized immature teeth is to provide a restoration that reinforces the tooth structure to improve function and esthetics. The present study was conducted to compare and evaluate the effect of different apical plug thickness of calcium silicate cements on fracture resistance of simulated immature teeth.</p> <p class="Default" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><strong>Materials and Method: </strong>Eighty single rooted human teeth were sectioned and divided into eight groups (n=10). In Group I (positive control) no instrumentation was done. In the remaining seventy teeth endodontic access preparation was done and the root canals were instrumented with Peeso reamers. Group 2 (negative control), was filled with calcium hydroxide. In group 3, 4 5; MTA Plus was inserted into root canals to create 3-mm and 6-mm apical plugs and full obturation, respectively. Similarly in Group 6, 7, 8; Biodentine was inserted to create a 3-mm and 6-mm apical plug and full obturation, respectively. The remainder section of the canals in Group 3, 4 6, 7 were obturated with conventional gutta-percha and AH Plus sealer. The fracture testing of each specimen was performed using a Universal Testing Machine and force was recorded in newton (N). The values obtained was statistically analyzed using one way Anova and Post Hoc Tukeys tests.</p> <p class="Default" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><strong>Results: </strong>The maximum fracture resistance was seen in Group 3, which showed significantly greater values than Group 1, 2, 5, 6, 7&amp;8 (p&lt;0.05). No significant differences were found between the Group 3 and 4 and between Group 6 and 7 (P &gt; .05).</p> <p class="Default" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Up to 6mm thickness of apical plug can be created with MTA Plus and Biodentine without deteriorating the fracture resistance of tooth complex.</p> sarish mahajan, naveen manuja, seema chaudhary Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 12 Jan 2022 03:55:13 +0000 The Comparison of the effect of two different doses of methylprednisolone on pain, swelling and trismus after 3rd molar surgery. <p><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Objective &nbsp;</strong>The aim of this study was to compare the effects of intravenous administration of 1.5mg/kg and 3mg/kg of methylprednisolone sodium succinate on pain, swelling and trismus after third molar surgery.</p> <p><strong>Study Design.&nbsp; </strong>Twenty five healthy patients with bilaterally symmetrical impacted mandibular third molars were included in this study. Either 1.5mg/kg or 3mg/kg of methylprednisolone was administered by intravenous route 1 hour before the operation. At the second operation the other dose was applied. Facial swelling was evaluated by using cotton sutures. Trismus was determined by measuring maximum interincisal opening. Pain was determined by using visual analogue scale.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>There was no statistically significant difference in pain swelling and trismus &nbsp;between the two groups.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion.&nbsp; </strong>No significant benefit of higher dose of methylprednisolone administered.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> KAMAL GARG Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 12 Jan 2022 03:57:40 +0000 Efficacy of single dose intramuscular methylprednisolone injection into the masseter muscle following the surgical extraction of impacted lower third molars. <p><strong>Aim and Objectives:</strong> The clinical study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a single 40 mg dose of methylprednisolone into the masseter muscle via the intrabuccal approach following the surgical extraction of impacted lower third molars under local anesthesia.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> In this single center, prospective, randomized controlled, double blind study 100 participants were divided into 2 groups. The study group received a single dose of Inj Methylprednisolone 40mg into the masseter muscle via the intrabuccal approach postoperatively, while the control received an I.M placebo drug. The efficacy of this procedure in controlling typical post-operative complications (pain, swelling, and mouth opening) was evaluated.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The patients administered methylprednisolone showed superior results after 2 and 5 days in terms of facial swelling (p &lt; 0.05) and on 5<sup>th</sup> day after intervention with a p-value of 0.008 in terms on pain.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Results obtained showed that 40 mg of Methylprednisolone can effectively reduce the patient discomfort post operatively after surgical removal of impacted teeth.&nbsp;</p> Sathiyanathan D, Vivek Nair, Sankar K, Eswari N, Anusuya N Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Fri, 11 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Knowledge, attitude and practices of dentists of Aligarh and Mathura regarding COVID -19 pandemic – A cross-sectional survey <p>&nbsp;This study was carried out to analyze knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of Dentists of Aligarh and Mathura regarding the Covid-19 pandemic. This cross-sectional study used a 16-item pre-tested and validated questionnaire based on the Covid 19 pandemic, which was then disseminated through the internet to all dentist members of the Indian Dental Association, Aligarh and Mathura during November, 2020 . The 'General part-A' of the questionnaire covered the individuals' socio-demographic and professional informations (age, gender, educational status, type of practice etc.). Part B comprised of 16 questions pertaining to COVID-19 knowledge, attitudes, and practises. A total of 260 dentists participated in the survey. The study included a higher percentage of females, BDS, and practitioners with fewer than 10 years of expertise. The participants' average knowledge, attitude, and practise score was 13.21 ±1.67. In the current study, socio demographic factors such as gender, educational level, experience in dentistry, and professional affiliation were found to have statistically significant (p 0.05) relationships with mean knowledge. Although there were notable deficiencies in some key areas, the results of this investigation revealed that the majority of the subjects had adequate knowledge, a positive attitude, and took precautions when dealing with patients, although there were notable deficiencies in some key areas. As a result, ongoing educational initiatives/webinars should be planned on a regular basis.</p> Sarah Mariam, Neha Agrawal, Narinder Dev Gupta, R K Tewari Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 12 Feb 2022 05:22:43 +0000 Comparing Radiopacity of Nanohybrid Composite and Giomers: An In Vitro Study <p><strong>Aim: </strong>The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the radiopacity of three different composite resins; one nanohybrid and two giomers.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods:</strong></p> <p>For evaluation of radiopacity of composites, ten specimens of each material [(3 groups) (total 30) (n=10] with thicknesses of 2 mm were prepared and radiographed alongside aluminum step wedge and human enamel and dentin. Occlusal radiograph was taken and mean gray values of the test materials were measured using Image J software. Then a conversion was performed to establish the radiopacity of the test materials, in millimeters of equivalent Aluminum (Al). Data were analyzed using one‑way analysis of variance and Scheffe’s Post Hoc tests (P &lt; 0.05).</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong></p> <p>The radiopacity values varied among the restorative materials (p &lt; 0.05) with the highest for Filtek followed by Beautifil Injectable, Beautifil 2, enamel and dentin.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong></p> <p>All materials tested had radiopacity values greater than dentin and had sufficient radiopacity to meet International Organization for Standardization 4049 standard.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Key Words: </strong>Radiopacity, aluminum stepwedge, composites, opacifing-fillers.</p> Aarshati Vyas, Shilpa Shah, Nishtha Patel, Krushnangi Yagnik, Kruti Yagnik Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 17 Feb 2022 07:38:46 +0000 Validity of Horizontal Iris Dimension as a predictor of Denture Esthetics in Melmaruvathur population <p>Esthetics is of utmost importance for a complete Denture seeker and maxillary anterior teeth play a pivotal role in denture esthetics. No study exists till date regarding the use and reliability of any anatomical landmark to assess the size of maxillary central incisors for edentulous patients of Melmaruvathur, Tamil Nadu, India. Horizontal visible iris diameter (HVID) has been correlated positively with central incisor dimensions photogrammetrically. The purpose of this study is to explore the potential role of HVID of the eye in the&nbsp; central incisor dimensions in the residents of a specified geographical location and revalidate the role of HVID in anterior teeth selection.</p> Sakshi Madhok, MG Venkatesan, Ponsekar Abraham, S. Kiruthika Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 10 Mar 2022 05:31:27 +0000 Subgingival application of 0.5% Azithromycin gel as a local drug delivery system as an adjunct to scaling and root planing in controlled diabetic patients- An in vivo study <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> A recent trend involving the use of local delivery systems to deliver chemotherapeutic agents implies improved periodontal health. As part of this study, a locally delivered 0.5% azithromycin gel was evaluated for its clinical and microbiological efficacy in treating chronic periodontitis patients with controlled diabetes.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods</strong>: The split-mouth study design was used in this randomized control trial. The study included 50 sites from 25 patients who had pocket depths greater than 5 mm and were diagnosed with chronic periodontitis. Two treatment groups were randomly assigned: scaling and root planing only (control group) or scaling and root planing with 0.5% azithromycin gel (test group). At selected sites, gingival index, probing pocket depth, and clinical attachment level were analyzed for both groups at baseline, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks.</p> <p><strong>Result &amp; observations</strong>: Both the test and control groups had improved parameters when compared to baseline. The depth of the probing pocket was 6.64<strong>±</strong>1.07 mm and 7.36<strong>±</strong>1.15 mm at baseline, which decreased to 4.84±0.59 mm and 4.32±0.98 mm respectively at 12 weeks. The difference was statistically significant at p&lt;0.001. Statistically significant difference in clinical attachment levels between baseline and 12 weeks, at p&lt;0.001. The results of all microbiological categories improved significantly in both groups, while the test group showed a greater improvement.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>It was concluded that locally delivered azithromycin could be beneficial in treating chronic periodontitis patients with diabetes when used in conjunction with scaling and root planing.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Local drug delivery, Periodontal disease, Diabetes, Azithromycin gel.</p> Madhukar Gupta, Anjali Kapoor, Sharmistha Vijay, Vineet Sharma, Pradeep Sharma, Saurabh Jain Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 29 Mar 2022 06:40:14 +0000 Serum Alkaline Phosphatase: An Alternative To Skeletal Age Assessment <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Purpose-</em> To assess the growth status of adolescents by cervical vertebra maturity indicators (CVMI) and its correlation with the level of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and also to evaluate the diagnostic importance of serum alkaline phosphatase as an indicator of skeletal maturation.</p> <p><em>Settings and Design</em>: prospective cross sectional &nbsp;observational study</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Methods and&nbsp; Materials</em> - 150 subjects (75 males and 75 females) were selected in the age group 6-17 years of age.The study sample was distributed into three groups based on chronological age Group-I(Pre- Pubertal) consisting of sample between 6-9 yrs, Group-II(Pubertal) between 10-13 yrs &amp; Group-III (Post- Pubertal)14-17yrs of age, with each group containing 25 males and females each. To appraise the cervical vertebral development by Hassel and Farman method lateral cephalograms were taken in natural head position. To evaluate the serum Alkaline phosphatase levels 2 ml of venous blood sample was collected and was subjected to biochemical assessment.</p> <p><em>Statistical analysis used</em>: paired sample T test, Pearson Correlation Coefficient , ANOVA analysis</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Results-</em> The mean alkaline phosphatase levels were evaluated in each group, Group II (Pubertal) had the highest alkaline phosphatase level which was statistically significant among all groups. The correlation between alkaline phosphatase and CVMI was assessed using Pearson Correlation Coefficient. A significant negative correlation between the two entities was found (r =-0.630, p&lt;0.001). On evaluating the CVMI stages and alkaline phosphatase levels individually in&nbsp; males and females, males had higher levels which were statistically significant.</p> <p><em>Conclusions-</em>The study demonstrates age trends in the level of serum alkaline phosphatase levels that may be used to evaluate the skeletal maturation. The levels in males were higher than females which also are of diagnostic importance.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Arbab Anjum, Pradeep Raghav, Shishir Singh, Munish Reddy, Saurabh bhalla, Arina Arif Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 31 Mar 2022 05:03:58 +0000 The impact of 1ST Wave of COVID -19 unlock and COVID-19 2nd wave lockdown <p><strong>Background</strong><strong>.</strong> Corana virus (COVID-19) is an infectious disease affecting the millions of populations. World health organization has declared COVID -19 has an emergency.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong><strong>.</strong> A Questionnaire study was conducted from September 2020 and April 2021 to know the impact of 1<sup>ST</sup> Wave of COVID -19 unlock and COVID 2<sup>nd</sup> wave lockdown on the Outpatient department of Paediatric and Preventive dentistry of Rama Dental college, Hospital &amp; Research Centre. Sociodemographic characteristics such as gender, age was collected through OPD. A questionnaire containing the knowledge of parents regarding COVID -19 was seen. Categorical data were compared using a chi-square test.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong><strong>. </strong>A significant difference was observed in both the waves affecting the Outpatient department. waves (<em>p </em>&lt; 0<em>.</em>01).</p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>Conclusion.</strong> Significant differences between both waves were noticed affecting the OPD of the colleges, private clinics. Increase in knowledge of parents regarding Covid -19 was seen.</p> Anil Kohli, Santwana Tripathy, Karuna Sharma, Rahul Katyayan, Parkhi Bhatnagar, Najmus Sahar Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 16 Mar 2022 06:42:42 +0000 Ranula of the sublingual area <p>Ranula is a cystic fluid filled cavity that is caused by extravasation of the sublingual gland at the floor of the mouth. Ranula originates in the body of the sublingual gland, especifically in the Rivinus ducts of the sublingual gland, and occasionally originates in the minor salivary glands at the floor of the mouth .There are a variety of treatment modalities for ranula including aspiration of the cystic fluid, sclerotherapy, marsupialization, incision and drainage, ranula excision only, and excision of the sublingual gland with or without the ranula. In this article we present a case report of a ranula, which developed after the extraction under lingual nerve block on the same side. &nbsp;</p> Anuj Gaur, Hasti Kankariya, Niharika Kumari, Anumita Deka Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 12 Jan 2022 03:52:48 +0000 TAD Assisted Retraction in A Lingual Appliance for Correction of Dentoalveolar Class II Malocclusion <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>Orthodontics, in today’s contemporary world, is focused mainly on aesthetics. Most of the adult patients are reluctant to orthodontic treatment due to their un-aesthetic appearance. To answer such problems several options are available, ranging from aesthetic brackets, made from tooth-coloured plastic or ceramic, another option is Invisalign, which is restricted to the treatment of only certain kinds of simple malocclusions. Hence, the lingual appliance selected for this case is by far the best option available from the aesthetic outlook and mechanical aspect however torque control of anterior teeth in lingual orthodontic appliance has always been considered a major problem. For maintaining the torque value of anterior teeth either we have to apply direct moment and force to the lingual brackets or by using a different combination of lever-arm and mini-screws mechanics to deliver force in a line that passes through or near to the center of resistance. In the present case, we utilized the combination of long lever-arm and palatal mini-implant system to produce a controlled en-masse retraction of the anterior teeth. This customised long lever arm created by soldering one power to others such that the point of force application is close the center of resistance.</p> Shalini mishra, Mukesh Kumar, Manish Goyal, Prateek bhushan, Parul Priya, Surbhi kaushik Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 13 Jan 2022 04:01:14 +0000 Dentigerous cyst in anterior maxilla- A case report <p>Dentigerous cyst is an odontogenic cyst, which apparently develops by accumulation of fluid between reduced enamel epithelium and the tooth crown of an unerupted tooth. It is one of the most prevalent types of odontogenic cysts associated with an erupted, developing or impacted tooth, particularly the mandibular 3rd molars,the other teeth that are commonly affected are maxillary canines and third molars. The present case report describes an infected dentigerous cyst associated with impacted permanant maxillary canine managed with enucleation and surgical removal of the tooth.</p> KAMAL GARG Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 03 Mar 2022 03:41:37 +0000 Delayed Replantation of Avulsed Permanent Maxillary Central Incisor with 2 Years of Follow Up: A Case Report <p><strong>Abstract: </strong>Traumatic dental injuries are highly prevalent now a days. Present article discusses a case report of 13 years old male patient who reported with an dental emergency of left maxillary tooth avulsion. Patient kept the avulsed tooth in non physiologic media. Patient was treated as per the guidelines of interntional Association of Dental Traumatology. Replantation of avulsioned tooth is a preferred mode of treatment followed by physiologic splinting for a short period of time. Root canal therapy is required for the affected tooth in cases of delayed replantation. Patient’s clinical and radiographic follow up was done up to 2 years which showed patient remained asymptomic.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Niketa Sahu, Sonal Gupta, Suneel Kumar Gupta Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 03 Mar 2022 07:43:35 +0000 Management of ectopically erupted maxillary central incisor and Driftodontics in mandibular arch <p><strong>Abstract:</strong></p> <p>Physiological drift is defined as the natural migration of a tooth into a space created by extraction, congenital absence, decay, or interproximal reduction without the application of any orthodontic force. Spontaneous decrowding of teeth by physiological drift has been called “driftodontics”. This case report describes a case of 16-year-old-boy with severe crowding in the mandibular arch and ectopic erupted permanent maxillary incisor that was resolved by physiological drift after premolar extractions in the mandibular arch and fixed mechanotherapy in the management of the ectopic eruption of the permanent maxillary central incisor.</p> surbhi kaushik, Mukesh Kumar, Manish Goyal, Sumit Kumar, Richashree, Haripriya Nongthombam Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 08 Mar 2022 05:03:14 +0000 Non-Surgical Management Of Dens Invaginatus With A Large Periapical Lesion With The Aid Of CBCT <p>Maxillary lateral incisors show a high incidence of anatomic variation Dens Invaginatus is a developmental anomaly of teeth characterized by infoldings of enamel, dentin and extend up to the apex.&nbsp;Such a condition is often associated with dental caries, pulpal and periodontal pathology. Root canal treatment of this abnormality is considered difficult due to the complex anatomy. This article discusses case report of a tooth with Dens Invaginatus with emphasis on correct diagnosis, treatment planning and nonsurgical healing with no extra intervention of a large periapical lesion associated with invaginated tooth.</p> Smita Agrawal Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 09 Mar 2022 03:39:54 +0000 Dentigerous Cyst Associated with Impacted Maxillary Canine: A Case Report <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>&nbsp;Dentigerous cyst is an odontogenic cyst. It is caused by accumulation of fluid between the epithelium of the crown and the crown of an unerupted tooth. It is attached to the neck of the tooth and its size increases by the expansion of the follicle. This cyst most commonly affects the impacted 3<sup>rd</sup> molar and maxillary canine.</p> <p><strong>Case Report: </strong>In the present paper, we report a case of dentigerous cyst associated with impacted canine in a 13year aged female.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The patient was treated surgically by enucleation of the cyst.</p> Santwana Tripathy Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 10 Mar 2022 05:33:22 +0000 Free Fibula Flap in Mandibular Reconstruction : A Case Report <p>The reconstruction of the mandible is a complex procedure and continues to be a challenge in reconstructive maxillofacial surgery. Indications for mandibular reconstruction are varied and include pathological resections, traumatic injuries and residual deformities amongst others. The mandible is an important anatomical unit of maxillofacial skeleton in terms of both aesthetics and function which necessitates its immediate reconstruction after resection.</p> <p>A 16 years old female patient, diagnosed with ameloblastoma of left hemi -mandible underwent resection with immediate reconstruction using free fibula flap. Twenty two months follow up reveals excellent bony union and facial contours. The objective of the treatment is to resecting the mandibular defects and reconstruction with free fibular flap.</p> <p>Our experience combined with positive literature references enhances the reliability of free fibular vascularized graft as a suitable and versatile reconstructive option for complex anatomical contours of the mandible.</p> Shiwangi Yadav Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 16 Apr 2022 04:06:43 +0000 Recreating Smiles Using A Natural Tooth Pontic <p>Traumatic injuries resulting in loss of one’s anterior tooth have a significant psychological impact. As the children are becoming more conscious about their appearance, a mere replacement of the lost tooth can minimize these aesthetic &amp; functional concerns. This paper describes the techniques used to recreate the smile of an 8-year-old child, who sustained trauma to the face after a fall while playing. As the child has a developing dentition, we opted for a natural tooth pontic and composite build-up to restore his smile</p> Nikita Dhingra Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 19 Apr 2022 05:26:04 +0000 Laser assisted therapeutical approach for the treatment of Ankyloglossia. <p>Ankyloglossia also known as tongue-tie limits the tongue’s motion due to short, thick lingual frenum. In this article, we have reported two cases, a 35-year-old female referred for tongue-tie removal and a 34-year-old male patient with a tongue tie who complained of difficulty in speech following which both of them underwent laser assisted frenectomy procedure under local anesthesia. The postoperative period was uneventful.</p> C.S. Baiju, Meenu Taneja Bhasin, Gunjan Gupta, N. D Gupta , Rinu Reju Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 20 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Prevention and Management of Denture Stomatitis <p>Denture stomatitis, also called as Chronic Atrophic Candidiasis, is considered to be synonymous with the condition better known as denture sore mouth, a diffuse erythema and edema of the denture bearing area, often occurring with angular chelitis. It is the most common form of the oral disease. The prevalence of denture related mucosal lesions (DMLS) were observed more frequently in complete denture wearers than in partial denture wearers as the area covered by a complete denture is more and therefore increase the risk of DMLS. It is associated with dental plaque, candida infection, poor denture retention and mechanical trauma<sup>1</sup>. The major risk factor for the development of this condition is wearing an upper complete denture, particularly when it is not removed during sleep and cleaned regularly. Older dentures are more likely to be involved.&nbsp;Other factors include&nbsp;<a href="">xerostomia</a>&nbsp;(dry mouth),&nbsp;<a href="">diabetes</a>&nbsp;or a high&nbsp;<a href="">carbohydrate</a>&nbsp;diet, h<a href="">uman immunodeficiency virus</a>&nbsp;(HIV).</p> Pankhuri Akhil Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 15 Jan 2022 04:26:11 +0000 Silver Diamine Fluoride - The New Normal in Pediatric Oral Care : A Review <p>&nbsp;Dental caries is the most commonly observed oral lesion and can affect function and esthetics of teeth in children, cause pain and severe lesions, malnutrition, psychological effects, if left untreated ultimately affecting their oral-health related quality of life. There are various treatment and preventive approaches but certain factors make it difficult to achieve the required outcome like behavior issues, socio-economic status, etc. Minimal intervention or invasive dentistry is gaining popularity, especially during and post-COVID era; it becomes the need of the hour. Silver Diamine Fluoride is one such caries management strategy that has started becoming popular for its various beneficial properties against caries both in normal and children with special health care needs, cost-effectiveness, easy application, and no intervention methodology.&nbsp;</p> <p>This article aims to bring forward detailed information about Silver Diamine Fluoride which is a promising caries management technique during and post-COVID era.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Divya Banu M, Krishna Priya V, Shilpa G, Santosh Kumar Challa, V.V.R. Krishna Murthy V, Mayuri Ganesh Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Mon, 24 Jan 2022 07:57:52 +0000 Pathogenesis of Mucormycosis: The Spores on a Sail <p>Fungi of the order Mucorales are capable to infect human beings and animals. Mucormycosis is a well-known, life-threatening infection, primarily occurring in immune-compromised conditions like diabetic ketoacidosis, organ transplantation, increased serum iron and neutropenia. The mortality and morbidity rate due to Mucormycosis is rapidly rising despite of surgical debridement and antifungal aids. In this article, we will review (i) the existing knowledge about fungi (ii) interaction of Mucorales with host immune system (iii) assessment of virulence factors of Mucorales which play a key role in infection like high-affinity iron permease FTR1, spore coat protein CotH, reductase permease system. Since Mucormycosis infection is angioinvasive in nature, emphasis is placed on the ways by which organisms acquire iron from the host and its interaction with blood vessels. The present mini-review attempts to spread awareness regarding difficult to treat infection of mucormycosis and to provide possible targets for future research for therapeutic measures.</p> Nutan Tyagi, Akansha Misra, Harshi Mishra, Priyanka Gupta Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Mon, 07 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000