UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES <p><strong>( An official publication of Aligarh Muslim University)</strong></p> en-US [email protected] (PROF M K JINDAL) [email protected] (Aligarh Web Solutions) Fri, 10 May 2024 11:56:01 +0530 OJS 60 New Technologies: Revolutionizing The Dentistry Dr. Vinay Kumar Srivastava Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Fri, 19 Apr 2024 11:12:45 +0530 A New Growth Prediction Method Involving Maxillofacial Hard and Soft Tissue Calibrations- A Radiological Analysis <p><em>OBJECTIVE: Growth prediction is of key importance in pediatric patients as well as growing individuals opting for orthodontic or orthopedic treatment. The objective of this study is to assess a new growth prediction method involving maxillofacial hard and soft tissue calibrations. Orthodontic treatment is most favourable and effective during pubertal growth and hence growth assessment and prediction are significant in planning treatment for dental and maxillofacial abnormalities. It can also be helpful in diagnosis of various growth disorders in pediatric patients.</em></p> <p><em>MATERIAL AND METHOD: The sample comprises of standardized lateral cephalometric radiograph with the size of 100 subjects including male and female of 8-16 years of age who visited Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. All cephalometric radiographs were taken and the chosen hard and soft tissue calibrations like ramus length and nasolabial angle and CVM staging were evaluated and correlated using One-way ANOVA and Spearman correlation.</em></p> <p><em>RESULT:&nbsp; CVM staging showed positive correlation with ramus length and age but&nbsp; no correlation with nasolabial angle. One-way ANOVA showed highly significant correlation of age</em><em>, NLA and RL values between different CVM stages and Spearman correlation showed highly significant correlation of CVM with age, NLA and RL</em></p> <p><em>CONCLUSION<u>:</u> Growth can also be predicted from ramus length and age of the patient as the study shows positive correlation between CVM staging and ramus length but no correlation with nasolabial angle. The calibrations are correlated to each other as cvm directly proportional to ramus length and age&nbsp;</em> <em>and inversely proportional to nasolabial angle.</em></p> Dr.Neha Patil, Dr. Purva Joneja, Dr. Dhanvarsha Sarvade Copyright (c) 2023 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Fri, 03 Nov 2023 09:30:54 +0530 “Development and Validation of Professionalism, Perception, Fear, and Anxiety Assessment Scale of Dental Students about Dentistry After Outburst of Covid-19 And Its Variant.” <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Introduction:</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>The rapidly spreading COVID-19 via respiratory droplets and aerosol made dentists treat only emergencies during this period as they deal with most of the aerosol-generating procedures. Not only day-to-day practice but even the education system has also been affected, leading to a new educational system through online teaching and learning.</p> <p>Methodology: The study was divided into three phases: first, item tool development using Focus Group Discussion; second, content and face validation by a panel of experts; and third, psychometric testing (internal consistency, stability, and construct validity).</p> <p>Results: The faculty Focus Group Discussion (FGD)produced three scale domains, whereas the dentistry students' FGD yielded 28 items. A group of experts certified the tools' content using LAWSHE's Scale. Two items were eliminated due to the content analysis, with a (CVR) critical of &lt; 0.538. Using factor analysis, the researchers discovered many subscales in each domain: Professionalism: Empathy and Humanism, and Responsibility: Perception: for learning and clinical training, academic and social self-perceptions, and perceived infectability, as well as Covid-19 Phobia in Fear and Anxiety. It has a high level of internal consistency, as seen by the overall Cronbach's coefficient values. The content, face, construct validity, and retest reliability of the three domains of the instrument, as well as its subscales, were all found to be relatively stable.</p> <p>Conclusion: The new tool was found to be valid and trustworthy. It may be used to evaluate dental students in both undergraduate and postgraduate programs in various institutions Pan India and different Countries.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Neha Agrawal, Deepika Rajendrasingh Bais, Sandhya Maheshwari Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 30 Jan 2024 13:06:53 +0530 “Comparative Evaluation of Microleakage in Zirconia Crowns Cemented With Bioactive, Conventional Gic and Dual Cure Resin Luting Cements - An in Vitro Study” <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the microleakage in Zirconia crowns cemented with Bioactive, Conventional GIC, and Dual Cure Resin Luting Cements.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> 45 Freshly extracted permanent molars were randomly equally divided. Group 1- Bioactive Cement, Group 2: Conventional GIC and Group 3: Dual Cure Resin Cement. Teeth were embedded in resin blocks 1 mm cervical to CEJ and prepared according to the standardized protocols, zirconia crowns were fabricated using CAD CAM technology and cemented onto the respective tooth preparations according to the manufactures instructions and excess cement was removed. After cementation all restored teeth were placed in buffered saline solution at 37 degrees centigrade for 1 day. Samples of each group were divided into 3 subgroups i.e. A, B and C, (5 samples each) and for aging subgroup B and C of all groups were placed in a thermocycler for 6000 and 10,000 cycles alternating between 5 degrees centigrade and 55 degrees centigrade to simulate aging at 6 months and 12 months respectively. All samples were painted with acrylic varnish to within 1 mm of crown margin and were placed in 2 % basic fuchsin dye solution. After 24 hrs. they were sectioned buccolingually, and were examined under a stereomicroscope at 30 X magnification for microleakage and scored.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Based on results obtained by statistical analysis of the readings recorded from stereomicroscope for microleakage it was concluded that the microleakage score of group 1 samples was significantly less than that of samples in group 2 (p value-0.001*) and in group 3 (p value-0.007*). There was no significant difference in the microleakage score of groups 2 and 3 samples (p value-0.061).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> The research revealed that the Bioactive luting agent exhibited lower microleakage than Conventional GIC, and Dual Cure Resin Luting Cement. Therefore, the null hypothesis was rejected.</p> Geeta Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 17 Feb 2024 10:42:16 +0530 Prevalence of Bifid Mandibular Condyle ; A Retrospective Orthopantomogram Study in Southern Rajasthan <p><br>Abstract <br>Condylar duplication is a very rare and interesting anomaly of unknown etiology. Bifid mandibular condyle (BMC) are usually diagnosed on routine radiographic examination. Various causes for this condition have been discussed in the literature, but there is still no agreement as to the exact cause and the real prevalence. <br>Aim : To assess the prevalence of (BMC) in population of Southern Rajasthan.<br>Methodology and Results: A retrospective analysis of 13565 OPGs were done and a total of 4 fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of BMC, Thereby, reporting a prevalence of 0.051 % in Southern Rajasthan. <br>Conclusion: The Dental professionals should have some knowledge of this anatomic abnormality, as well as its implications for function and appropriate treatment modalities, so that they can be alert to this potential diagnosis.<br>Keywords : Bifid mandibular condyle, Orthopantomogram</p> Dr. Sugandha Arya Arya, SAHIL ABHAY SONAWANE, SHASHANK SHARMA, Mona singh, Tajinder Bansal, Ismat Fakhra Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 17 Feb 2024 12:37:24 +0530 An Establishment of Sexual Dimorphism by odontometric study of permanent maxillary canines among dental students : a cross sectional study <p><strong>Aim &amp; Objectives</strong>: To investigate sexual dimorphism by odontometric study of permanent maxillary canine teeth &amp; to establish the effectiveness of maxillary canine index in sexual dimorphism. <strong>Materials and Method –</strong> A total of 100 dental students aged 17- 25 years were finalized for study. Following verbal consent, impressions of the upper arch were made using alginate material and casts were poured in dental stone. Mesio-distal diameter (MD) and inter-canine width (ICW) measurements of permanent maxillary canine were obtained using a sliding digital caliper and maxillary canine index was calculated. <strong>Results</strong>- The mesio-distal diameter of maxillary canines for both right (p=0.001) and left sides (p=0.005) was significantly higher among male subjects than females, Similar observation was found for inter-canine width too (p=0.0001). In contrast, the maxillary canine index (MCI) for right and left was statistically insignificance (p&gt;0.05) for both male and female subjects. <strong>Conclusion - </strong>Maxillary canines can be used in gender identification as an aid for forensic odontology.&nbsp;</p> GARIMA RANI Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 02 Mar 2024 09:35:34 +0530 Skeletal Maturity Assessment Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography <p>Submitted a manuscript based on format as prescribed by University Journal of Dental Sciences. The aim of the present study was to assess and compare skeletal maturity with use of three radiographic techniques and methods i.e Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Lateral Cephalography and hand wrist radiograph middle phalanx of third finger. We concluded, skeletal maturity can be assessed in CBCT or lateral cephalogram reliably along with their primary indications, eliminating hand wrist radiograph for skeletal maturity assessment. This will reduce radiation exposure and cost of treatment to patient.</p> DrAkshay Agarwal Copyright (c) 2023 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 20 Mar 2024 11:57:01 +0530 The Spectrum of Disorder : Cleidocranial Dysplasia <p>Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a complex congenital defect characterized by dysplastic bone formation. It is caused by mutations in 6p21 gene encoding transcription factor Core Binding Factor Subunit Alpha 1 ( CBFA1) or Runt related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) , which is involved in osteoblasts differentiation and bone formation. This paper reports a case of 20 year old female patient with cleidocranial dysplasia and the characteristic routine radiographs aided diagnostic conclusion to the case.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Nirmala Khanal Copyright (c) 2023 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Fri, 03 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0530 Comparison of Dentoskeletal Changes In Skeletal Class II Malocclusion Using two Different Fixed Functional Appliances: A 2 Case Report <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Class II malocclusion refers to an anteroposterior discrepancy that could be characterized by a dentoalveolar and/or skeletal involvement. When skeletal involvement is present, mandibular retrusion is the primary etiological factor. Several methods have been proposed for treatment of this malocclusion and their choice would depend on the degree of dentoalveolar or skeletal involvement, patient growth pattern, age, cooperation and main complaint. Fixed functional appliances are an excellent option in patients with growth potential. These appliances have the advantage of not depending on patient compliance, which may be related to more predictability. <strong>Aim:</strong>&nbsp;This article presents 2 case reports that compare the dentoskeletal changes of patients diagnosed with skeletal class II treated with Forsus fatigue resistant device (FFRD) and Powerscope class II corrector (PS). <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Power Scope Class II corrector and Forsus fatigue resistant device (FFRD) are promising appliances that is relatively simple to install and easy to maintain by patients this directly helps the orthodontist in maintaining patient compliance to achieve the predicted treatment outcome.</p> Sahira Dadhwal, Isha Aggarwal, Sanjay Mittal, Merry, Abida Parveen Copyright (c) 2023 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 19 Dec 2023 11:52:10 +0530 Non-syndromic, Bilateral Occurrence of Maxillary and Mandibular Para Premolars: A Case Report <p>Bilateral occurrence of supernumerary teeth is rare and most often found in association with any systemic condition or syndrome. Very few cases with bilateral maxillary and mandibular supernumerary teeth in the premolar region have been documented. This report presents an unusual case of non-syndromic, bilateral maxillary and mandibular para-premolars.</p> Darpan Kothavade, Dipanshu Kumar, Shailesh Kumar, Rajeev Kumar Singh Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Mon, 08 Jan 2024 12:54:24 +0530 Surgical obturator to rehab patient with hemimaxillectomy-a case report <p>Congenital malformation, trauma and surgical treatment of benign or malignant neoplasms create maxillary defects. The size and location of the defects play an important role about the degree of impairment and difficulty in prosthetic rehabilitation. Maxillectomy patients suffer from lack of support, retention, and stability of prosthesis. An obturator is a prosthesis used to close a palatal defect in a dentate or edentulous mouth. The surgical maxillary obturator prosthesis helps in the restoration of normal speech and eating habits of the patient. It also prevents the soft tissue collapse on the affected side. Thus, the facial symmetry will be preserved. It also helps to retain the space for future interim and definitive prostheses. Thus, it improves the mental well-being of the patient considerably. This clinical report describes the prosthetic rehabilitation of a maxillary defects with a surgical obturator which was given immediately following surgery.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Baisakhi Mallick Dr Baisakhi Copyright (c) 2023 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 17 Feb 2024 11:01:57 +0530 palatal obturator - a case report <p>Maxillary jaw abnormalities can be traumatic, acquired, congenital, developmental, or surgical, and they can have an impact on the mouth cavity and nearby anatomical tissues. If the soft palate and/or hard palate are lost whole or partially, the remaining tissues will have an inadequate structure or will no longer function as they once did. Defects can lead to nasal reflux during deglutition and influence speech production by affecting articulation and airflow. This study aims to explore postoperative oroantral or oral-nasal communication for patients who underwent partial maxillectomy and received prosthetic rehabilitation. The complete denture was fabricated with an extension into the defect. As a result, this permanent prosthesis improved the patient's masticatory function, speech clarity, and general quality of life.</p> Sakshi Goyal Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 23 Mar 2024 11:25:40 +0530 Crouzon’s Syndrome in 7 years old child: A Comprehensive Review and Clinico-Radiological Illustration of a Case. <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Crouzon's syndrome is a rare genetic disorder, described by a&nbsp;<strong>French neurosurgeon in 1912.</strong>&nbsp;It is caused by a mutation in the fibroblast growth factor receptor&nbsp;<em><strong>2</strong></em><strong>&nbsp;(FGFR2) gene.</strong>&nbsp;The disease is characterized by premature synostosis of coronal and sagittal sutures which begins in the first year of life. It occurs in approximately 1 in 25,000 births worldwide. Here, we report a case of this rare entity. The patient presented with brachycephaly, maxillary hypoplasia, exophthalmos, and mandibular prognathism along with dental and orbital abnormalities.</p> Sonali kajabe Sonali kajabe, Dr. Priyanka Razdan, Dr. Rashmi Jayanna, Dr. Swapnil Mhatre Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 13 Apr 2024 11:23:14 +0530 PRF dressing as a boon for FGG donor site; a clinico-histopathologic case report. <p><strong>Aims and objectives:</strong> FGG is a widely used mucogingival surgery for gingival recession, but it has some disadvantages such as longer healing time and painful donor site. Reduction of this discomfort is possible by using an autologous biomaterial,PRF. The objectives of this study are to describe the favourable effects of PRF on the recovery of FGG donor sites and to compare the donor site’s healing with or without PRF.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods:</strong> Two systemically healthy 19-year-old female patients who needed gingival augmentation were included in study. Procedure was carried out involving the palate as donor sites, wherein one patient’s donor site was allowed to heal conventionally and the other site was coated with PRF membrane to analyse differences in healing process.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results showed better and faster healing along with significantly reduced post operative pain of the PRF donor site as compare to the conventional site.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> By accelerating the healing process, reducing patient suffering, and addressing one of the key concerns associated with the use of this treatment, this case study demonstrates PRF is an effective method in FGG patients.</p> DR SNIGDHA BISWAS Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 16 Apr 2024 10:20:41 +0530 Full Mouth Rehabilitation in visually impaired children with modified behaviour management techniques: A Case Series <p style="margin: 0cm; text-align: justify;"><span style="color: #0e101a;">The prevalence of childhood blindness is 0.3 per 1,000 children in industrialized countries, <a name="_Hlk161223416"></a>1.2 per 1,000 children in developing countries, and 1.7 per 1,000 children in India. In children with visual impairment, there are limitations to moving around in different surroundings and performing basic activities, due to which managing them becomes a challenging task for Paediatric Dentists. Therefore, there is a need to train the visually impaired child with the aid of customized behaviour management techniques, so that the outcome of the treatment can be optimized. ‘Audio-Tactile Performance technique’ (ATP) is a multisensory health education method, specially designed for training visually impaired children. The ‘Tell-feel-do’ and ‘Tell-Hear-Do’ techniques can be used instead of ‘Tell-show-do’ to acquaint the patient with the relevant procedures before actual execution. This case series aims to demonstrate successful full mouth rehabilitation in children with visual impairment, using these modified behaviour management techniques.</span></p> Aboli Dambare, Swapnil Mhatre, Rashmi Jayanna, Priyanka Razdan Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 16 Apr 2024 12:59:29 +0530 Foster Tooth – An ingenious strategy <p>the manuscript is all about case report, hence it include only introduction including other data in case report</p> Tarun Saxena Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 17 Apr 2024 10:28:49 +0530 Veneers: A Perfect Solution to Imperfect Teeth <p>Porcelain laminate veneer is one of the most conservative and aesthetically pleasing methods we may use to restore the human dentition and enhance the appearance of an anterior tooth. &nbsp;In 1928, C.L. Pincus introduced the Hollywood Veneer. He used thin porcelain veneers to make movie stars&nbsp;teeth more aesthetically pleasing. Over the past few decades, laminate veneers have developed into one of the most widely used restorative procedures in esthetic&nbsp;dentistry. They are considered as the primary option to enhance the &nbsp;esthetics of anterior teeth&nbsp;and consequently quality of life. This purpose of this article&nbsp;is to review the literature and highlight crucial factors for the long-term effectiveness of porcelain veneers, including case selection, tooth preparation, provisionalization, cementation, and patient maintenance.</p> MESA JWALITHACLARE, Dr. Sudheer Arunachalam, Gontu Sneha , Susmita Mondal Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 30 Jan 2024 12:57:57 +0530 Biomimetic And Regenerative Considerations In Endodontics: A Review <p>Biomimetics, literally means to mimic or copy what is life-like from nature. Biomimetics provides a new technique for improving our understanding of natural designs and functions, as well as new promising paths for mimicking natural processes. The first part of biomimetic dentistry is the restoration of destroyed or degenerated dental tissue, resulting in the full restoration of both functionality and appearance to the tooth. Additionally, the material utilized can repair, reproduce, or simulate missing dental tissue. This concept is very wide and has been applied in dental materials, for the regeneration of lost dental tissue from the stem cells. Regeneration approach&nbsp;is a form of biomimetics&nbsp;that promotes for the restoration of damaged tissue using tissue technology rather than the conventional method. The purpose of this review is to increase our understanding of biomimetics and regeneration factors related to lost tooth tissue in the field of endodontics.</p> Vivek Thakur, Vishal Sharma, Vishal Sharma, Anshu Minocha Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 18 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0530 Digital workflow in Maxillofacial Prosthodontics : An Insight <p><strong>Title: “Digital Workflow in Maxillofacial Prosthodontics: An Insight”</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>From its inception to now dentistry has made its way covering great milestones in terms of invention and precision to provide us with better working conditions and increased comfort for both clinicians and patients. To add up, is the remarkable innovation: CAD-CAM technology, which allow the dentists to provide a better and quality care to their patients. While restoring a facial defect the prosthesis should ideally be customized to put back the anatomy as accurately as possible. This process is difficult and time consuming &amp; demands a high level of artistic skill to form a mirror image &amp; achieve a good aesthetic match. The present time evolution of CAD/CAM is focused on methodical and swift integration and automation of the elements of design and manufacturing along with the development of new algorithms. This article reviews the development and availability of various digital technologies for the designing and manufacturing of different maxillofacial prostheses.</p> Isheta Sarkar Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Mon, 08 Apr 2024 12:56:07 +0530 Periodontal Microbiology: The Emergence <h2 style="line-height: normal; margin: 12.0pt 0cm 6.0pt 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif'; color: windowtext;">There has been an undeniable relationship between microorganisms and the human body, both in terms of health and disease. One such genre is periodontal microbiology and diseases. The aetiology of a disease refers to the causal trigger(s), whereas pathogenesis refers to the mechanism(s) through which the illness advances. Periodontitis has a microbiological aetiology and an inflammatory pathophysiology, although the coordination of the contributing variables for the disease's onset and course may differ from an epidemiological standpoint (1). There has been extensive research on this disease and most of them pointed out the relationship between an unbalanced oral flora and the disease itself. Many newer technologies have helped elaborate the microbiome, from identifying native and novel bacteria to theories explaining how disturbance of oral phylogeny can lead to precipitation of this disease and paradigms based on which different treatments have been formulated. This review of pertinent literature online and offline was conducted, and data and information were then extracted, modified, and arranged under the appropriate headings. The monograph tries to compile the primitive concepts, the eventual shift of paradigms, the latest advances in treatment modalities and futuristic expectations. From a simpler PCR to new generation sequencing, this manuscript covers it all.</span></h2> Diya Pandey, Sharon Lazarus, Shweta Sardhana, C.S. Baiju Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 30 Jan 2024 13:00:15 +0530 “A rare case of Central Ossifying Fibroma: Unmasked in the Maxilla” <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Central ossifying fibroma (COF) is a rare benign neoplasm of the jaws characterised by the proliferation of fibroblasts and the formation of mineralised tissue. The purpose of this case report is to describe the diagnosis and management of a central ossifying fibroma of maxilla in a 17-year-old female. This report aims to increase awareness of COF among dental and medical professionals, also to highlight its clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, and treatment options.</p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Dr. Apoorva Sharma, Dr. Rohit Jaiswal, Dr. Aanchal Tandon, Dr. Amrita Jayaswal Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 30 Jan 2024 12:49:18 +0530 Lymphangioma Circumscriptum of Lower Lip- A Rare Case Report <p>The lymphangioma is a benign hamartomatous, uncommon, hyperplasia of lymphatic system. It is common in head and neck but rarely found in oral cavity. In oral cavity, it occurs mostly in tongue. In this article,we will report a case of lymphangioma circumscriptum of lip in a young male which is unusual.&nbsp;</p> Dr Rohit Goyal, Dr Pooja Jaiswal, Dr Javed Akhter, Dr Sangita Kalita, Dr Chanda Dubey Copyright (c) 2023 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Fri, 29 Dec 2023 10:24:12 +0530 Internally weighted denture for management of severely resorbed mandibular ridges : A case report. <p>Rehabilitation of patients with severely resorbed mandibular ridges can be a clinical challenge where implants could not be a treatment of choice. Weighted mandibular dentures have been one of the treatment modality for the management of severely resorbed mandibular ridges. However in cases where the supporting edentulous alveolar mucosa is not appropriate for loading with a cast metal base, an internally weighted mandibular denture can be used. This article reports a case of severely resorbed mandibular ridge for which an internally weighted mandibular denture was fabricated with a customized weighted metal base using plaster index of the tooth arrangement as a guide. It is one of the non-invasive treatment option which provide stability, retention and function without altering the aesthetics of the denture.</p> Surabhi Thakur Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 17 Feb 2024 10:41:46 +0530 Indirect sinus lift without graft placement and with immediate implant placement - a systematic review <p><strong>Background</strong>:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Due to persistent ridge resorption and maxillary sinus pneumatization, the maxillary posterior region has historically been difficult to implant in. To overcome these challenges various techniques have been developed. Among which sinus lift procedures; either direct or indirect are most commonly used. This systematic review investigates the success of immediate implant placement combined with indirect sinus lift without grafting in the maxillary posterior region. Specifically, it evaluates the rates of implant survival and endosinus bone formation.</p> <p><strong>Aim: </strong>To review the literature on indirect sinus lift without graft placement and with immediate implant placement following the PRISMA Guidelines.</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong>: A systematic search was conducted on two electronic databases, PubMed and Cochrane Central, for studies published between 2010–2020. The search terms included "sinus augmentation," "sinus lift," "sinus elevation," and "indirect technique." The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed for data collection.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>In the initial search, 1361 articles in total were located. A total of 20 papers were chosen for full text review after duplicates were removed and titles and abstracts were screened. In this systematic review, 8 articles were chosen; 12 publications were rejected for a variety of reasons.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The studies included in this review evaluated the efficacy of indirect sinus elevation without grafting material, combined with immediate implant placement, for augmenting bone volume in the maxillary posterior region. All studies reported evidence of endosseous bone formation, with implant survival rates ranging from 90% to 100%.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr Akash Raj Sharma Akash Raj Sharma Copyright (c) 2024 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 17 Apr 2024 11:52:05 +0530