UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES <p><strong>( An official publication of Aligarh Muslim University)</strong></p> en-US (Prof. N.D. Gupta) (Aligarh Web Solutions) Tue, 27 Sep 2022 04:23:22 +0000 OJS 60 Prosthodontics Past Present and Future....... Prof. Geeta Rajput Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Mon, 05 Sep 2022 07:54:17 +0000 Evaluation of coronal microleakage in teeth with intraorifice barriers at 2mm and 3mm: An in vitro study <p>Context:</p> <p>An intraorifice barrier after endodontic therapy could remarkably mitigate the movement of bacteria and their by-products and improve the long-term prognosis of a root canal treated teeth by serving as barriers against fluid and bacterial ingress.</p> <p>Aims:</p> <p>The idea of the present study was to compare the coronal microleakage in teeth with 2-mm and 3mm intraorifice barriers of Bulkfill flowable composite, Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC), Cention and Biodentin under a stereomicroscope.</p> <p>Methods and Material:</p> <p>Eighty freshly extracted human single rooted mandibular premolars with single canal were chosen for the study. Teeth were obturated with gutta-percha using AH plus sealer. The teeth were further divided into 5 groups (16 premolars each) on the basis of intraorifice barrier material used: Bulkfill composite, GIC, Cention, Biodentin and control group. These groups were further subdivided into 2 subgroups each of 2mm and 3mm (8 teeth each) and evaluated under stereomicroscope</p> <p>Statistical analysis used:</p> <p>Coronal microleakage was determined under stereomicroscope using 15X magnification. Data were statistically analyzed using two-way ANOVA</p> <p>Results:</p> <p>According to the results, GlC at 2mm exhibited the highest micro leakage and least microleakage was shown by Biodentin at 3mm.</p> <p>Conclusions:</p> <p>Intraorifice barriers play a key role in reducing coronal microleakage.</p> <p>Keywords:</p> <p>Biodentine, Bulkfill composite, Cention, Coronal microleakage, Glass Ionomer Cement, intraorifice barrier</p> Dr Ananya Rawat, Dr Anuraag Gurtu Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 26 Apr 2022 05:47:53 +0000 A unique method to study different histological structures using Hematoxylin and Eosin staining in partially decalcified ground sections of teeth : A research article <p>Introduction: Examining the tooth is considered as foremost segment in research in the field of oral biology and oral pathology. For studying various structures like enamel, dentin and cementum, ground section of teeth is used, while decalcified sections of tooth are used for studying the soft tissues.</p> <p>Objective: The present study was aimed at exploring the normal structures of hard tissue parts of the teeth where partially decalcified ground sections were stained them with routine hematoxylin and eosin stain.</p> <p>Methodology: For the present study, a total of 30 extracted teeth were collected. The freshly prepared ground sections were partly decalcified by putting ground sections of teeth in 10% nitric acid for a time period of 20- 25 seconds. After this, the ground sections of teeth are washed in tap water. The partly decalcified ground sections of teeth were stained with routine hematoxylin and eosin staining procedure and were mounted on clean glass slides using DPX mounting media. The sections were then analyzed for various histological structures under the microscope.</p> <p>Results: When hematoxylin and eosin stained partially decalcified ground sections of teeth were viewed under light microscope, variety of histological structures appeared as stained, while some structures did not take stain and remain unstained.</p> <p>Conclusion: After preparing and staining the ground section of teeth by our method, we hope that it would be of great help for undergraduate students and to some extent the research scholars to understand the various structures of the teeth in a better and easy way.</p> HIMANSHU SINGH, VEDANT PATEL Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 10 May 2022 03:47:25 +0000 A Comparative Evaluation of Different Methods PF Cleaning and Preparing Occlusal Fissures, Before Placement of Pit and Fissure Sealant: A Stereomicroscopic Study <p><strong>Aim and objective</strong> The study was aimed to comparatively evaluate the effect of different methods of cleaning and preparation of occlusal surfaces on microleakage of pit and fissure sealant. <strong>Materials and method: </strong>Eighty (80) sound extracted premolars served as samples and were divided into four categories according to the method of cleaning and preparation of occlusal surfaces. Prior to sealant placement. The groups were: A Dry Brush, B Pumice Slurry Air Polishing and D Prophylaxis Paste. In each group, subsequent to cleaning of occlusal surfaces with the method assigned to, pit and fissure sealant was applied. The samples were then kept in an incubator, thermocycled and then immersed in methylene blue dye. Each tooth was sectioned longitudinally into two halves and observed under stereomicroscope for microleakage using a criteria given by Cooley et al. <strong>Statistical analysis</strong>: Discrete microleakage score of groups is summarized in number (n) and percentage (%).<strong>Result: </strong>Comparing the microleakage score of four groups, χ<sup>2</sup> test showed significantly different microleakage score among the groups (χ<sup>2</sup> =33.96, <em>P</em> &lt;0.001). <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Microleakage score showed both pumice slurry (Group B) and especially air polishing (Group C) to be significantly more superior than prophylaxis paste (Group D) and dry brush (Group A).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Mohd Taiyab Ansari, Monika Koul Verma, Ahsan Abdullah Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 18 May 2022 03:52:43 +0000 Comparision of Normal Saline Irrigation with Cold Normal Saline in Surgical Removal of Lower Wisdom Tooth: A Pilot Study. <p class="Default" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">Surgical removal of impacted lower wisdom tooth remains as the most common dental surgical procedure that is performed on outpatient basis. In the present study, a total of 40 patients with impacted lower wisdom tooth underwent surgical extraction under local anaesthesia by using Normal saline as irrigating solution at two different temperatures that is refrigerated at 8-degree Celsius temperature and other NS at room temperature. The patients underwent standard operating procedures and medication. Post-operative complications in terms of pain, swelling, infection and delayed wound healing were assessed and compared on Day 1 and Day 3and 7<sup>th</sup> day after surgery. The result of this study showed that irrigation with cold saline decreases the post-operative complications and enhances the healing after third molar removal.</span></p> <p class="Default" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">A bigger scale of research with more samples is recommended to evaluate the most efficacy irrigating solution during surgical removal of impacted lower wisdom tooth. </span></p> <p class="Default" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> Shivam Agarwal, Gauri Bargoti Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 06 Jul 2022 04:25:36 +0000 An Erudition and Attitude of Dental students and Dental practitioners on Travel Vaccines <p><strong>Objective: </strong>With the rise in travel among the current age, there is a greater chance of infectious disease spreading across the country being visited as well as the country to which the traveler belongs. Through their travel habits and behaviors, travelers play a key influence in the spread of infectious diseases across international borders. <strong>Aim</strong>: This study was conducted with a aim to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding travel vaccine among dental students and dental practitioners in and around Kanpur city.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>A cross-sectional study was conducted at a private dental college, in Kanpur from December 2021 to March2022 0using quantitative method of data collection among total of 450 dental student and dental practitioners.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>A total of 190 (42.2%) males and 260 (57.7%) female respondents participated in the study, out of which&nbsp; 130(28.8 %) participants were married and 320 (71.1 %) were single. 15.5 % of the respondents were aware of the concept of travel vaccines while 6.67 % of the respondents could give correct definition of travel vaccine. Knowledge regarding travel vaccine was found to have improved the uptake of travel vaccine (<em>P </em>= 0.02).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The study shows that as the knowledge improves the uptake of travel vaccine increases significantly.</p> Vishal Mehrotra, Kriti Garg, Rahul Srivastava, Pallavi Sinha, Shazia Aslam, Jyoti Kiran Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 06 Jul 2022 05:28:34 +0000 Prevalence of trigeminal neuralgia in patients visiting dental OPD of a dental college in Kanpur: A demographic study <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><strong>Aims and objectives:</strong> Tic douloureux is another name for trigeminal neuralgia (TN). The first report of TN can be found in the writing of Avicenna in the 11th century, but John Fothergill gave the modern description of TN in his 1773 paper on the subject. The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of Trigeminal Neuralgia (TGN) among north Indian population.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods:</strong> A cross-sectional descriptive study on the prevalence of Trigeminal neuralgia was conducted in the outpatient department of Oral Medicine and Radiology during a period of 5 years (1 January 2015 to 31 December 2019) months. All selected patients over the age of 18 were asked for their TN history using a structured questionnaire based on diagnostic criteria of trigeminal neuralgia according to the beta-version of the 3rd edition of the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD3-beta) after acquiring their personal data (name, age, gender and address).Descriptive statistics included calculation of means and percentages. Data distribution was assessed for normality using Shapiro-Wilk test to check whether a sample came from a normally distributed population or not. The chi-square test is used to determine whether there is a significant difference between the expected frequencies and the observed frequencies in one or more categories. Student’s t-test was used to test the means between the samples. All values were considered statistically significant for a value of p&lt;0.05.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Results: Out of 1500 patients, 26.67%were male and 73.33% were female. The peak incidence was in the age range of 60-70 years. Maxillary nerve (71.1%) was most commonly is involved followed by mandibular (20.2%) and ophthalmic (8.7%) nerve. The right side of the face (80%) was more involved than the left side (20%) of the face. The majority of patients described their attack as a shock like and of spontaneous onset.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>TN is often misdiagnosed as toothache, resulting in root canal therapy and tooth extractions. To recognize and manage this problem, an interprofessional strategy involving the primary care physician, dentist, neurologist, anesthesiologist, and neurosurgeon is required. Correct diagnosis and management can benefit patients and result in a good prognosis.</p> Rahul Srivastava Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 07 Jul 2022 08:16:24 +0000 Local Drug Delivery of Aloe Vera Gel in Chronic Periodontitis Patient. <p>BACKGROUND- Since historical times, for both medical and dental therapy many herbal agents, like Aloe vera (AV), have been used. Aloe vera (AV)&nbsp; belonging to the Liliaceae Family, presents&nbsp; with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal and immune boosting properties. It also promotes wound healing by accelerating epithelial cell migration and collagen maturation, facilitating tissue restoration. This study&nbsp; aims at investigating the clinical effectiveness of locally delivered AV gel used as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of&nbsp; chronic periodontitis (CP).<br>MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients with probing depth (PD) ≥5mm and clinical attachment (CA) level ≥3mm were randomly divided into two groups. All patients underwent SRP. Aloe Vera gel was locally delivered in Group 1 patients and Placebo in Group 2 patients. Clinical recording of full mouth plaque index (PI),&nbsp; bleeding index (BI), probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment (CA) level was done first at baseline and then at intervals of 3 months and 6 months.<br>RESULT: Patients in AV group showed significantly greater mean reductions in PI, BI and PD and mean gain in CA level compared to those in placebo group from baseline to 3 months. Gain in CA level was significantly greater in AV group at all time intervals than the placebo group.<br>CONCLUSION: Adjunctive use of AV gel LDD, in comparison to placebo gel LDD, is associated with greater reduction in PI, BI and PD as well as more gain in CA level in patients with CP.</p> Dr Sharmistha Vijay, Dr Rekha Meena, Dr Debopriya Chatterjee, Dr Rajeev Soangra, Dr Akansha Goyal, Dr Vasundhara Prakash Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 18 Aug 2022 10:16:08 +0000 Soft Tissue Recurrence of Plexiform Ameloblastoma in 8 years post Disarticulating Hemimandibulectomy: A Case Report <p>Ameloblastoma is characteristically considered to be a benign but locally aggressive and infiltrative odontogenic tumor with a high recurrence rate. Because of its locally invasive nature, the recurrence rates for the ameloblastoma post treatment remains high. Recurrence also seems to depend on the histological type of the tumor and the treatment modalities used. Curettage alone is reported to have led to a 90% recurrence rate for mandibular tumors and a 100% recurrence rate for maxillary tumors in literature. In a sample of 327 cases in a large study, a 17.7% recurrence rate was noted after radical treatment and a rate of 22.6% was noted after conservative treatment; granular and follicular variants of ameloblastomas were seen to recur more frequently than the plexiform type. Most recurrences occur at the site of the primary tumor. However, lesions are also known to recur in bone grafts, and rarely, recurrence involves adjacent soft tissues. In this study, we present an unusual case of a plexiform ameloblastoma that recurred in the left mandibular residual soft tissue 8 years after the first surgery i.e. disarticulating hemimandibulectomy. The patient is on regular follow up post second surgery for 23 months and she has been symptom free till now.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Recurrent Ameloblastoma, Soft Tissue Recurrence, En-bloc Resection, Odontogenic tumors, Plexiform Ameloblastoma</p> Dr. Manthan Kumar Das, Gaurav Singh, Madan Mishra, Amit Gaur Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Fri, 22 Apr 2022 04:05:39 +0000 Charecterization of A Complete Denture :- A Case Report <p>Characterization is a process in which the character or collective qualities of a person are introduced in&nbsp; complete denture either by modification of teeth or by modification of denture bases ,to make it more natural for that person , characterization of complete denture is necessary to give the denture a leaf like appearance , to make it appear more natural this case report reviews various principles in an effort to produce a natural appearing denture.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> rohit mundra, madhur jajodia, surbhi porwal Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 28 Apr 2022 04:03:04 +0000 Hereditary Gingival Overgrowth In Epileptic Patient: A Case Report <p>Gingival overgrowth (GO) is the abnormal enlargement of gingiva which may be caused due to different etiological factors such as inflammation, drug or inherited (hereditary) gingival fibromatosis (HGF), Gingival fibromatosis is a rare and heterogeneous group of disorders that develop as slowly progressive, local or diffuse enlargements within marginal and attached gingiva or interdental papilla. Unlike DIGO which usually occurs as a generalized diffuse enlargement, HGF is characterized by a slow, progressive growth of the gingival tissue. Gingival fibromatosis may be familial or idiopathic. Treatments vary according to the type of overgrowth and the extent of disease progression, thus, scaling of teeth is sufficient in mild cases, while in severe cases surgical intervention is required. Risk of recurrence of HGF exists. This article presents case report of gingival hypermatosis with distinctive facies, and diagnosis and treatment of the disease.</p> SK AZIZ IKBAL, ROOPANSHI MEHROTRA, NEELU VERMA, SANJAY GUPTA, SURENDRA KR YADAV Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 10 May 2022 03:50:52 +0000 Management of Retained Primary Teeth in Adult Patient: Case Report <p>An 18 year old patient reported with the chief complaint of pain in the lower left back region since 2 months. On intraoral examination, retained primary left mandibular second molar was open and tender on percussion. Radiographic examination revealed absence of its successor. A diagnosis of apical periodontitis was made based on the clinical and radiographic examination. Pulpectomy was performed and the tooth was obturated with gutta percha. The cavity was restored with glass ionomer cement and later on restored with zirconia crown.</p> <p>Keywords – primary molar, pulpectomy, gutta percha, zirconia</p> Rabia Ishrat Ullah, Ahsan Abdullah , Swati Dwivedi, Ankur Mishra Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 17 May 2022 07:34:04 +0000 Conservative Management of Unicystic Ameloblastoma- A Case Report <p>Ameloblastoma is the most common benign odontogenic tumor of the jaws that constitutes about 1% of all cysts and tumors of the jaws<sup>1,2</sup>. It is generally a painless, slow growing, locally aggressive tumor causing expansion of the cortical bone, perforation of the lingual or the buccal cortical plate and infiltration to the soft tissues. It has peak incidence in third and fourth decade of life but can be found in any age group with equal gender predilection (1:1)<sup>1,5</sup>. The relative frequency of mandible to maxilla is reported to be varying from 80% -20% to 99–1%. In the mandible majority of Ameloblastoma are found in the molar ramus region<sup>1,3</sup>. In a conventional radiograph, Ameloblastoma can present as either unilocular or multilocular corticated radiolucency. The bony septae results in a honey comb, soap bubble or tennis racket appearance. In some places, cortical plates are spared and expanded where as in other region they are destroyed; root resorption is a common finding<sup>6</sup>. Buccal and lingual cortical plate expansion is more common in Ameloblastoma than in other tumour<sup>7</sup>. Conventional radiograph is sufficient for small mandibular lesions but maxillary lesions and extensive lesions require CBCT, CT and MRI to establish the extent of the lesion<sup>7</sup>. The challenge in managing Ameloblastoma is by attaining complete excision and reconstruction of the defect when the tumor is large. Ameloblastoma is treated by enucleation, curettage or surgical excision depending on size and type of the lesion and conservative therapy also.</p> <p>This report gives a comprehensive knowledge regarding the conservative therapy using a &nbsp;Iodoform and paraffin paste which has been a boon in treatment of odontogenic tumor.</p> Shivam Agarwal Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 30 Apr 2022 05:04:20 +0000 A Multi-disciplinary Approach in Management of Undetected Odontogenic Keratocyst With Three Years Follow Up - A Case Report <p>The keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT) is regarded as the most aggressive and recurrent tumor of all. The lesion does not pose any clinical symptoms until significantly large in size. The different treatment modalities are always a matter of dilemma as to which one would yield good results with less recurrence. A Conservative treatment approach for moderately large lesions such as marsupialization and decompression was carried out in this case with regular follow-up sessions. The aim of this case report is to treat cases of KCOT with a conservative surgical approach.</p> Dr. Prachi Mital, Dr.Punit Chitlangia, Dr. Ashwini B Prasad, Dr.Deepak Raisingani, Dr. Amit, Dr. Ridhima Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 24 May 2022 04:13:40 +0000 Extensive lipoma in chin region- A rare case report <p>Lipomas are common soft tissue tumors, but occur infrequently in the oral and maxillofacial region. Incidence of oral lipomas are noted to be only 1 - 4.4% with common sites being buccal mucosa followed by lips, tongue and vestibule. In this paper we would like to report a rare case of an extensive lipoma in the chin region.</p> <p><strong><u>&nbsp;</u></strong></p> Vivek Nair, Anusuya N, Vikrant Sane, Kannan Sankar Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 24 May 2022 04:40:13 +0000 Simultaneous placement of direct nd indirect transfer copings at implant level impression -A case report <p>Implant level impressions are usually made with custom trays. This article describes the simultaneous use of open and closed tray transfer copings using stock tray.</p> Vasantha, Preet Soni, Darshana Mundhe, Rupali Patil Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 31 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A A Holistic Approach of Rehabilitating Maxillary Central Incisors with Complicated Crown Root Fracture - A Case Report <p>Traumatic injury to anterior teeth is frequent in children and adolescents owing to an active lifestyle. Proclined maxillary incisors are more prone to fracture due to their location in the oral cavity. Complicated crown root fractures present endodontic, restorative and aesthetic challenge and requires a multidisciplinary treatment approach to achieve predictable success. This case report describes, multidisciplinary management of such complicated crown root fractures following traumatic injury.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> JIBIN KARIM V A, Ranjini M.A, Vedavathi B, Arjun Pradip Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Fri, 24 Jun 2022 03:49:39 +0000 Coming of Age of The Third Dentition : Multi-unit Immediate Loading Protocol. <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong>: Evolution in implant dentistry has been unprecedented. Several protocols have been proposed in field of implant rehabilitation. Concepts have been redefined considering heightened patient anticipation of alleviation of discomfort, better esthetics, shorter lag time period of treatment. Immediate loading is one such area of interest increasingly done as a substitute for conventional loading. Immediate loading has considerably lessened the lag period between surgical phase and restorative phase. Here presenting a case report of a partially edentulous 33 year old male who underwent implant surgical procedure conforming to immediate loading protocol.</p> sarah, Juhi Gupta, Priya Lele, Yashodharaa Shah Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 23 Aug 2022 04:16:13 +0000 An Alternative Treatment For Correcting Transverse Maxillary Cant <p>Orthognathic surgery and orthodontic therapy are desired by patients for a number of reasons, including facial asymmetry. The maxillary occlusal cant is commonly associated with asymmetry. Orthognathic surgery combined with orthodontic treatment has been the treatment of choice for correcting an occlusal cant. However, not all patients with facial asymmetry are surgical candidates, patient assessment and selection remain critical components of diagnosis and treatment planning. In this case report, the patient declined any invasive treatment; hence, we opted to treat this facially asymmetrical patient with orthodontic therapy using straightforward mechanics via TADs, which resulted in an exceptional success.</p> Madhur Sharma, Manish Goyal, Mukesh Kumar, Md Abrar, Kalpit Shitalkumar Shaha, Saksham Madhok Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 27 Aug 2022 05:37:16 +0000 The Neutral zone technique revisited <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The success of a complete denture is an interplay of many factors. The diminution of denture foundation is critical for mandibular ridges pertaining to less surface area. Neutral zone techniques have long been employed to address the cases of severe residual ridge resorption in an attempt to achieve adequate denture stability. Accurate registration of neutral zone is essential for optimum denture stability as teeth arrangement in such cases is dictated by the complex as well as individual actions of oral musculature. Accurate neutral zone registration requires that the denture base remains stable in the patient's mouth when the patient is asked to do various functional movements involving the tongue, lips, cheeks, etc. Through this case report, we would like to address this problem by introducing a modification to the commonly followed neutral zone techniques which facilitates accurate myodynamic registration as well as recording the tentative centric jaw relation in a single step.</p> Dhiren Shah, Shalabh Kumar, Aatika, Taniya Bhatia Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 26 May 2022 04:23:07 +0000 Oral Manifestations of Covid-19: A Critical Review <p>The COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has proven to be an immense public health concern affecting various parts of the human biologic systems. The baffling disparities pertaining to the symptoms experienced by each afflicted individual present a difficult challenge to the medical community. The oral cavity is certainly not an exception.&nbsp; The oral effects noted could be either direct effects of the virus itself or the result of an indirect effect of the virus. Although the virus is still of utmost concern around the world, the study of its effects on the human body, including the oral cavity, unquestionably remains a work in progress. COVID-19 has caused a pandemic and it still going quite strong. This disease has many general or constitutional manifestations, among which oral manifestations can also be present. These manifestations are often non-specific and can occur in any viral infections as well. Hence, they have to be recognized distinctly by the dentist as well as Laboratory personnel. So here we have tried to collect available data regarding this, in the form of a review</p> Neha Bansal, Gaurav goyal, Vandana Chhabra, Poonam Sood Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 26 Apr 2022 06:03:11 +0000 Mounting media used in Histopathology and Laboratory : Roles and Functions : A Short Review <p>Mounting is considered as very important step. Various mounting media are there like aqueous mounting media and resinous mounting media. Various researches are done to check which mounting media is best for mounting the histopathological tissues and suitable for different types of microscopy. The mounting media helps in holding the tissue sample in between the slide and the cover slip. The refractive index of the mounting media is also an important factor. In this review article, we are trying to review the various types of the mounting media with special emphasis on their .The data was acquired from earlier published literature and also from searching the different database like Pubmed and Google Scholar.</p> DR. HIMANSHU SINGH, DR.VEDANT PATEL, Dr.Rahul A Razdan, DR.PRACHI NAYAK, DR.SUSHRUTH NAYAK, DR.KUNDENDU ARYA BISHEN Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 27 Apr 2022 03:48:10 +0000 Advanced Treatment Modalities For Endodontic Biofilms : A Narrative Review <p>&nbsp;Endodontic disease is essentially a biofilm-mediated infection with broader bacterial diversity than previously anticipated. Removal of endodontic bacterial biofilms and preventing recontamination of root canal after treatment are the essential elements for successful outcomes of endodontic treatment. Nanoparticles and antibacterial photodynamic therapy corroborate to be emerging tools as they have proved to be effective in eradicating biofilms from the complex root canal system in various in-vitro studies. This article primarily aims to provide an exhaustive overview based on available literature on advanced treatment modalities to eradicate these biofilms.</p> Ridhima, Dr. Ashwini B Prasad, Dr.Deepak Raisingani, Dr. Prachi Mital Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 30 Apr 2022 05:09:48 +0000 Forensic outlook of Maxillofacial Radiology – An inevitable tool revisited <p>Radiology has a wide range of application in the field of forensic dentistry and has set many benchmarks over decades. The purpose of this paper is to revisit the applications where radiographic methods may be used to determine the identity. &nbsp;Age and gender determination, craniofacial reconstruction, mass disasters, trauma and abuse and virtopsy has been reviewed in this paper with focus on two dimensional and three dimensional imaging modalities highlighting the recent advancements incorporated in these techniques.&nbsp; The radiologists’ play a pivotal role in cases of civil litigation and fraud. There are gaps to be bridged between forensic speciality and maxillofacial imaging. Henceforth, this article offers several suggestions for possible research projects to close some of these gaps.</p> Shalu Rai, Deepankar Misra, Akansha Misra, Pooja Kalita, Aditi Krishna Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 17 May 2022 07:53:12 +0000