UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES <p><strong>( An official publication of Aligarh Muslim University)</strong></p> en-US (Prof. N.D. Gupta) (Aligarh Web Solutions) Thu, 12 May 2022 10:08:14 +0000 OJS 60 SKILL MIX IN THE DENTAL WORKFORCE- A WAY FORWARD TO ACHIEVE UNIVERSAL ORAL HEALTH CARE IN INDIA Prof. Neha Agrawal Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 21 Apr 2022 06:25:03 +0000 Comparative biomechanical analyses for kennedy’s class-I cast partial denture using acrylic denture base with Co-Cr I bar and nylon denture base with nylon retentive clasp-A 3D finite element study <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: The goal of present PRPD is to optimize esthetics with denture design that ensures minimal invasion to the remaining oral tissues, since the function of an PRPD is affected by physical properties of direct retainers. A comparative 3-D Finite Element (FE) stress analysis for mandibular Kennedy’s class-I situation using two different denture base and direct retainer material on distal abutment was done <strong>Method</strong>: FE models were developed, with simulated alveolar bone, mucosa, abutments, periodontal ligaments, framework and artificial teeth in the models. The 2 FE models, Model A having PMMA denture base and Co-Cr gingival approaching clasp and Model B having nylon denture base and retentive clasp made up of nylon only were developed. Structural analysis for two designs was carried out using ANSYS FEA software. <strong>Results</strong>: During analysis static distributed load of 150N over artificial teeth vertically and 45ᵒ diagonally was applied. The stresses and deformation produced in assembly were evaluated Structural analysis results were analyzed for various supporting structures. The two designs showed considerable differences in stresses and displacement developed in supporting structures. Cast partial denture with nylon direct retainer and denture base showed greater stresses and displacement than acrylic denture base and Co-Cr clasp on diagonal loading whereas on vertical loading it showed almost similar displacement but slightly greater stresses. &nbsp;<strong>Conclusion</strong>: The results of this study suggest the use of nylon as denture base and direct retainer in esthetic region for class I situation as it generate favorable biomechanical stress, being all values are under the physiologic limit.</p> Esha Khare Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 06 Oct 2021 04:05:37 +0000 Effect of Phytic acid on the tissue dissolving ability of Sodium hypochlorite: An ex-vivo study <p>Aim: To evaluate the effect of Phytic acid on the pulp dissolving ability of sodium hypochlorite (Naocl).</p> <p>Methodology: Pulp tissue was collected from patients undergoing root canal treatment using barbed broach and stored in 10% formalin. The tissue was then divided into fragments of equal weight and immersed in solutions consisting of 5.25 % Naocl and mixture of 1:1(w/w) Phytic acid and 5.25% Naocl for a period of 30 minutes. Tissue fragments were removed and weighed again. The difference between the initial and final weight was used to calculate weight loss there by representing tissue dissolving ability of each solution used.</p> <p>Results: No significant difference was found in the tissue dissolving ability for both the tested groups. (P˂0.05).</p> <p>Conclusion: Addition of Phytic acid did not alter the pulp dissolving ability of Naocl.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Bharathi Chundi, Dr.Prasannalatha Ndig, Dr.Jayalakshmi K.B. Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Mon, 18 Oct 2021 07:23:41 +0000 A ten year retrospective statistical analysis of maxillofacial injuries in patients admitted and treated at Institute of Dental Sciences Bareilly <p>&nbsp;</p> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence, common age, gender, causes, types, treatment modality, and complication of the maxillofacial fractures for the patients admitted to the Institute of Dental Sciences Bareilly.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods:</strong> The medical records of all cases admitted to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) ward of Institute of Dental Sciences Bareilly, were reviewed for presence of maxillofacial fractures. The statistical analysis was done using IBM SPSS version 22.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> There were 78% males and 12% females. The most affected age-group was 15–30 years and the male–female ratio was 6.5<strong>:1</strong>. RTAs were the most common cause of maxillofacial trauma, accounting for 70% of cases, followed by assaults (10%), sports injuries (12%), and falls (8%). Our findings revealed that the mandible body and parasymphysis were the most actively engaged bones, accompanied by the mandibular angle. Open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF) was the most common treatment methods (89.3%) utilized in this study.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Maxillofacial fractures most commonly affected young individuals in the 15–30-year-old age-group, often as a result of RTA, and body of the mandible was the most frequent site of fracture. &nbsp;This study also concluded that helmet use among motorcyclists (93.29%) was infrequent among the participants. Education and motivation on road safety measures are the two factors that have to be considered to improve helmet use among motorcyclists.</p> <p><strong>Clinical significance:</strong> The prevalence, common age, gender, causes, types, treatment modality, and complication of the maxillofacial fractures for the patients admitted can be assessed from the present study.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>&nbsp;</p> Nandita Gautam, Shivalingesh KK, Anushtha Kushwaha, Prasanjeet Kumar Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 23 Oct 2021 04:37:24 +0000 A Study on Application of Prosthodontic Techniques in Private Practice-A Survey <p><strong>Background: </strong>Continuing dental education programs can highlight the hazards of shortcuts and stress the importance of prescribed techniques to improve the practitioner’s clinical effectiveness and the quality of the treatment rendered to the patients. <strong>Aim:</strong> This paper aimed to evaluate application of prosthodontic techniques in private practice. The obtained information &amp; data helped to emphasize strongly the basic prosthodontic principles in the undergraduate teaching curriculum. <strong>Materials and Method</strong>: A total of 230 dental practitioners in Kanpur city, Uttar Pradesh, India was included in an internet questionnaire survey which included 15 questions regarding complete denture, removable partial denture, fixed partial denture and implants.<strong>Results:</strong>35.65% respondents selected normal tap water to disinfect the impression, 42.17% used alginate for primary impression, 65.22% used ZnOE for final impression, 57.83% completed the treatment of complete denture fabrication in 5 appointments, 73.04%fabricated acrylic RPD’s, 55.65% used Valsalva manoeuvre technique to record PPS, 51.30% never fabricated CAD/CAM dentures, only 39.57%used facebow for orientation jaw relation, only 33.04% used gingival retraction cord before final impression of FPD, 53.04% obtained written consent before starting the procedure, 68.26% used wax to record the interocclusal records, only 29.13% gave temporary/provisional crown, 51.74% fabricated Zirconia for restoration&nbsp; of anterior region, only 45.22%fabricated study models before starting FPD, very few 23.48% of respondents practiced implant dentistry. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Within the limitations of this study author concluded that there are differences between what is taught as accepted prosthodontic practice in undergraduate curriculum and what is actually practiced. However, to further enhance the skills, efforts should be made to encourage and aware the practitioners about the techniques in prosthodontics practice through continuing dental education programs.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Garima Guddu Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 11 Nov 2021 08:38:49 +0000 Determination of biometric relationship between cranial circumference and the mesio distal dimensions of maxillary anterior teeth. <p><strong>ABSTRACT:</strong></p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> &nbsp;To evaluate biometric relationship between cranial circumference and the mesio distal dimensions of maxillary anterior teeth.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong>&nbsp; A randomly selected 150 subjects comprising equal number of males and females were evaluated for the craniometric and odontometric measurements were obtained with the help of a non-stretchable measuring tape and a sliding digital stainless-steel Vernier caliper. The tests used were Oneway ANOVA, correlation and linear regression analysis. The confidence level for this study was 95% and the p-value for statistical significance was set at less than 0.05.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>Males had a greater mean head circumference compared to females.&nbsp; showed a highly statistically significant Gender Dimorphism for cranial circumference<em>. Also </em>Males had a statistically significantly greater mean Combined Mesio Distal Width of Maxillary Anterior Teeth compared to females. The Pearson test showed&nbsp; weak negative correlation for males, and weak positive&nbsp; correlation for females and combined data.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The study result could be used as a base data for further studies with larger sample size.</p> <p><strong>Key words: </strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;Edentulous, Esthetics, Denture, Craniometry , Odontometry.</p> Sommya Kumari, MUKESH KUMAR, Pankaj Kumar , Pragyan Das, Shrimali Sumi Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 13 Nov 2021 04:08:24 +0000 Awareness of Periodontal Disease And its Influence on Systemic Health: A Survey Among Medical Professionals in State of Rajasthan (bikaner Subdivision).” <p><strong>Background</strong>: Since past few decades, it is established that periodontitis has powerful influence on various systemic conditions. To maintain general health among the medical professionals this bidirectional link between periodontal and systemic health should be acquainted. &nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Aims</strong>: To evaluate knowledge, awareness and orientation of medical professionals towards periodontal diseases and its influence on systemic health in state of Rajasthan (Bikaner sub division). To aware medical professionals for overall improved health care delivery system and motivate referrals to periodontists in systemically ill patients.</p> <p><strong>Method and Material</strong>: Prepared questionnaire data was gathered from 503 medical professionals of various medical institutions in state of Rajasthan (Bikaner sub division). Study spanned from June 2019 to August 2019. Data was tabulated in Microsoft Excel sheet and subjected to statistical analysis. Mean and standard deviations of measurements per group were calculated, and differences between two groups were determined using chi square test.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Majority of participants had basic knowledge regarding periodontal diseases but clinical orientation and practice behavior were very limited. Most of them were aware regarding systemic effects of periodontal diseases like chronic heart diseases, diabetes but were unaware of likely effects of periodontal diseases on conditions such as adverse pregnancy outcomes (PTLBW, PROM, and Preeclampsia) and hospital acquired pneumonia.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Medical practitioners had insufficient knowledge and limited clinical orientation about periodontal diseases and its potential influence on systemic conditions. This emphasizes need for periodontal education in medical field.</p> DR KAMAL GARG Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Tue, 30 Nov 2021 05:22:37 +0000 Evaluvation of The Transverse Strength of Acrylic Denture Base Resins Repaired by Different Materials: An Invitro Study <p><strong>AIMS: </strong>The aim of the study undertaken was to evaluate an effective method of denture repair, which will have considerable transverse and impact strength, quick to repair and can be effectively utilized by the general practitioner.</p> <p><strong>OBJECTIVES</strong>: 1) To evaluate the transverse strength of denture base resin repaired by different methods having 45° joint surface contours and compare it with denture base acrylic resin repaired by conventional methods.</p> <p>&nbsp;2) To find out the best material for repair.</p> <p><strong>MATERIAL AND METHODS: </strong>For the purpose of this study, Heat cure resin (DPI), Autopolymerising resins (DPI) and Glass Fibers (interling), were taken from the market. The unrepaired conventional heat cure denture base resin (DPI heat cure) plates were used as control group. . &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>RESULTS:</strong></p> <p>1) The mean transverse and impact strength of all the samples repaired by various methods showed significantly lower strength than control group (heat cure unrepaired samples used as control for transverse strength) 103.33MPa, although statistically significant.</p> <p>2) Specimens repaired by self cure resin with glass fibers having 45<sup>0</sup> bevel joint showed the highest transverse strength.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> rohit mundra, dr surbhi porwal Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 06 Oct 2021 04:09:44 +0000 Age estimation by Willem’s method in age group of 6-12 year old children- a cross sectional study <p>Aim and objective :</p> <p>This article focuses on Willems method of age estimation in age group of 6-12 year old children.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Material and methods:</p> <p>25 orthopantomagram of children aged 6-12 year old children were collected from the patients visiting the Department of Pediatric and Preventive dentistry, government college of Dentistry, Indore.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Results:</p> <p>Comparison of the Dental age (DA)&nbsp; using&nbsp; the Willems method, the CA and differences between Dental age and Chronological age&nbsp; (DA and CA) of both gender and age groups .The independent samples <em>t</em>‑test results showcased that the mean CA was&nbsp; 1.81&nbsp; for males and 2.22 for females and the mean DA was 1.97 for males and 1.64 for females. This mean dictated an under aging of the entire sample as by about 0.58 years. Independent <em>t</em>‑test showed that these differences were statistically not significant as the p value is less (<em>P </em>&gt; 0.05).</p> <p>Pearson’s correlation test showed&nbsp; r value for overall data&nbsp; as 0.86, for male as 0.87 and for female as 0.88. The p value was statistically significant in overall data&nbsp; and male (&lt;0.001).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Conclusion:</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>It is important to realize that no age estimation method will accurately determine the exact age for every individual since development naturally varies between individuals. One of the most important aspect of DA estimation is to remember that one should not restrict to only one age estimation technique, but to apply different techniques available and perform repetitive measurements and calculations. Also the sample size should be larger as compared to the present study, as well as equal numbers of both male and female should be studied.</p> pitambra sahu, gayathri prabakaran, Ashish Saxena, ajay parihar, neha verma, shikhar pratap chauhan Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Fri, 24 Dec 2021 04:43:27 +0000 Denture Satisfaction – The Most Wanted Key to Successful Complete Denture Therapy. <p><strong>Abstract:</strong></p> <p><strong>Background: </strong>The dilemma of patient satisfaction vs. non-satisfaction with dentures is another never-ending debate in dentistry. The fabrication of optimal dentures is possible with appropriate prosthetic laboratory techniques along with patients’ anatomic and physiologic requirements assessed by a dentist.</p> <p><strong>Aim :</strong> The purpose of this study was to evaluate the patient’s priority and mean satisfaction scores of the patient and dentist during complete denture therapy.</p> <p><strong>Material and methods: </strong>After selecting the subjects based on decided inclusion and exclusion criteria, the patients were asked to fill the proforma with VAS. The proforma contained a questionnaire. The patients rated their dentures using a scale ranging from 1-5.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>According to the patient’s priority the majority of the patients preferred mastication. The highest mean dentist satisfaction score was concerned with the extension of a denture. There was no statistically significant difference with age and gender for mean denture assessment, aesthetic, phonetics, mastication and comfort satisfaction score. However, the employed patients have aesthetic, phonetics and mastication satisfaction score higher than unemployed patients and the relationship was statistically significant.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Majority of the patients was concerned with better chewing function with their dentures. Age and gender do not affect patient satisfaction. However, employed patients were less satisfied with their dentures as compare to unemployed patients. In addition, patients who were educated had better phonetics with their dentures as compare to uneducated patients. Strong dentist-patient communication is necessary to be able to satisfy a patient.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Complete denture, Satisfaction, Patient communication</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Sommya Kumari, mukesh kumar, Pankaj Kumar , Pragyan Das, Shrimali Sumi Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Fri, 31 Dec 2021 04:04:22 +0000 Determination of sexual dimorphism using tongue prints – a prospective cross-sectional study <p><strong>Background</strong>: Oral structures are known to have their uniqueness. Among these, the tongue has many characteristics that make it suitable for identity recognition. In this study, tongue imprints through digital photography and tongue impressions were used.</p> <p><strong>The aim</strong> of the study was to determine sexual dimorphism based on tongue morphology and fingerprints.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;Materials and methods</strong>: The study included 120 subjects (60 males and 60 females) in the age group of 18 to 35 who were excluded from any systemic illness and were reportedly healthy. The tongue photography was recorded using and the impression was made using the alginate material. In the present study, images of the dorsal part of the tongue were taken for 60 males &amp; 60 females and a database was formed which were studied for the features such as tongue shape, tongue tip, dorsal morphological features. The alginate impression (lingual impression) of the dorsal and lateral borders of the tongue was done to study the minute details. The gender dimorphism was evaluated with this respect and the results were compared with fingerprints which were evaluated using Acree’s method. The same was compared with their respective blood groups too. The ethnicity of the subject was also noted.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Tongue prints in the assessment of sexual dimorphism with relation to morphology were found to be significant with a p-value of 0.043 and the fingerprint in relation to the assessment of sexual dimorphism was also significant but all the other comparisons were found to be insignificant.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: In the present study, it was concluded that tongue prints based on tongue morphology can be a reliable source of identification with respect to sexual dimorphism. However, more studies with a larger sample size with relevance to ethnicity may be useful in bringing out a conclusive result in this aspect.</p> <p>Keywords: Tongue prints; lingual impression; uniqueness; fingerprints; sexual dimorphism.</p> Shilpa Malik, Meghanand T Nayak, Manish Goyal, Aparna K Sanath, Upender Malik Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Fri, 31 Dec 2021 04:06:38 +0000 Comparative estimation of dental age by using Demirjian’s and Nolla’s method in residents of Pune city <p><strong>Introduction</strong> – Age assessment is an essential part of forensic odontology. It is of importance in medico-legal areas and in mass disasters. Age estimation methods show variation in the reported results. <strong>Aim and Objectives </strong>- To evaluate and compare the dental age from orthopantomogram using Demirjian’s and Nolla’s method in residents of Pune city and to compare the dental age with the chronological age. <strong>Methodology</strong> - The study was carried out in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Oral Microbiology, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed to be University, Dental College and Hospital, Pune. A total of 100 subjects were enrolled in the study. The diagnostic orthopantomograms (OPGs) were evaluated as per the Demirjian’s and Nolla’s method. <strong>Statistical methods</strong> - The pair-wise statistical comparison of distribution of means of continuous variables was tested using paired t-test. <strong>Results</strong> – The results of our study suggest that the Demirjian’s method is applicable to higher age groups in both genders with a better accuracy than Nolla’s method. Nolla’s method has a better accuracy in the lower age group than the Demirjian’s method.</p> Purva Doshi, Priya Deo, Rashmi Sane, Revati Deshmukh, Amit Mhapuskar, Vikrant Sane Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 05 Jan 2022 04:15:05 +0000 Comparative evaluation of antibacterial efficacy of Two shape, TruNatomy files against enterococcus faecalis-an invitro study <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Aim: </strong>The present study aimed to assess the antibacterial efficiency of Two shape (TS) and TruNatomy files (TRN) files against Enterococcus faecalis.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methodology: </strong>Forty human mandibular premolars with single roots were collected and decoronated to standardize the lengths. The specimens were then mounted in acrylic resin and E. faecalis suspension was used to contaminate the specimens and they were incubated for three weeks. All the specimens were divided randomly into four groups. Instrumentation was done using Twoshape files (TS): Group I, TruNatomy files (TRN): Group II &amp; Manual Crown Down technique (CD) using Gatesglidden drills and Hand files: Group III with sterile distilled water as irrrigant.Group IV was served as control group. Microbial samples were collected using paper points without instrumentation of the samples and after instrumentation from intracanal environment, which were diluted and later plated on tryptic soy broth (TSB).</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Significant difference was seen amongst the experimental groups (P&lt;0.05), before and after instrumentation. TS and TRN resulted in more bacterial reduction than CD technique (P&lt;0.05) whereas TS and TRN were almost similar in their efficacy (P&gt;0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>TS and TRN promoted higher bacterial reduction than CD technique, with TS demonstrating the highest antibacterial efficacy.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Bharathi Chundi, Dr.Mallika N, Dr.Prasanthi M, Dr.Satyasriyadav A Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Fri, 07 Jan 2022 05:36:55 +0000 Tooth Supported Overdenture as Prosthetic Solution for Elderly Patients: A Case Series <p>Overdenture treatment is a notion which precludes the inevitability of “floating plastic” in edentulous mouths. The concept of tooth retained overdenture is a simple and cost effective way to retain few firm teeth that are present in an otherwise compromised dentition to increase the retention and stability of complete denture leading to increased chewing efficiency of patient. The concept of overdentures is a positive means for delaying the process of complete edentulism and helps in reducing bone resorption. To top it all, it gives the patient the sensitivity and proprioception of having prosthesis with his natural teeth still present. In this article, case reports with three different types of Overdentures are discussed: Overdenture with submerged abutment, Overdenture without coping on abutment and overdenture with coping based on available inter-arch space.</p> Dr. Vedant Patel, Dr Rajeshwar Singh, Dr. Mahendra Dave, Dr Rahul Razdan, Dr. Saurabh Gupta, Dr. Mona Agrawal Gangele Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 09 Oct 2021 04:15:12 +0000 Peripheral Ossifying Fibroma (pof) in Anterior Manibular Gingiva : A Case Report of Relapse Gingival Growth. <p>Localized gingival growths are often presented as lesions that are triggered by hormonal or environmental factors. Although they are considered neoplastic, they can also be treated with the appropriate diagnosis. One of the most uncommon lesions is the POF. Several confusion has prevailed in the nomenclature of POF due to its variable histopathologic features. Detailed relevant medical history, clinical and histological information were recorded of the patient.&nbsp;This is a case presentation of a 35-year-old male with gingival overgrowth in the mandibular left canine-premolar region. Clinically, the lesion was &nbsp;asymptomatic, firm, pale pinkish in colour and sessile with a history of re-ccurance in a period of 60 to 100 days &nbsp;post surgical excision in same site .Surgical excision of the lesion was done followed by histopathologic confirmation with emphasis on the clinical aspect. Given the rate of re-currence for POF being 8-20%, close post-operative follow-up &nbsp;and proper oral hygiene maintainance and regular dental visits is required.</p> Dr. Ruchi Staffy Mohina Minz, DR. ANNAPURNA AHUJA, DR. ANAND CHOUDHARY, DR. W.S. MAUGHAM Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 11 Nov 2021 08:32:52 +0000 Interdisciplinary Orthodontics- A Combined Ortho-surgical Approach for Treating Skeletal Class II Malocclusion <p>This case reports shows the successful treatment of Skeletal class II malocclusion with an end-on molar relation on both right and left side with overjet of&nbsp; 8mm and overbite of 6mm&nbsp; in a 19 year old female patient through Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy (BSSO) Advancement, performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeon. With the combined orthodontic and orthognathic surgical approach; the correction of skeletal and dental imbalance, functional occlusion, dental and skeletal Class I relationship was achieved with minimal appointment.</p> Dr. Gaurav Sharma, Dr. Yash Patel, Dr. Ashish Gupta, Dr. Rashmi Puri, Dr. Suresh Sharma, Dr. Vatsal Singhvi Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Mon, 22 Nov 2021 08:17:15 +0000 Oral Cutaneous Fistula, Therapeutic Challenge: Case Report <p><strong>ABSTRACT: </strong>Oral Cutaneous fistula often leads to intensive level of patient discomfort and suffering. Due to its rarity and absence of dental symptoms considerable number of patients are usually misdiagnosed with results of inappropriate management. This case report represents two clinical cases of age 21yr and 26 yr with similar history of non healing persistent discharging lesion on right side of maxilla which was unpleasing from last 2 years, After clinical and radiographic analysis two different therapeutic modalities in two different patients with similar kind of history was used to treat oral cutaneous fistula, both treatment results in satisfactory outcome.</p> rohit mundra, dr surbhi porwal Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 25 Nov 2021 09:30:44 +0000 A Novel Technique for Intraradicular Rehabilitation Using Mta and Light Transmitting Fibre Post: A Case Report <p>Restoring an endodontically treated teeth may become problematic due to inadequate sound radicular structure. In such cases where apices are flared ,its even more challenging to debride the canal and control the obturating material within the canal. Regarding rehabilitating the radicular structure; cast post have been used since older times. But it resulted in catastrophic root fracture with reduced remaining dentinal thickness, shadowing and graying of root and discoloration at the tooth’s gingival margin. Hence This case report presents a clinical case where intraradicular rehabilitation is done using&nbsp; MTA and light transimitting fibre post .</p> Dr. Vatsal Chauhan, Anu Narang, Santosh kumar Singh, Anjali Sharma Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 01 Dec 2021 04:24:08 +0000 “Mucormycosis- The Black Fungus Incapacitating Covid Patients in India” <p>COVID-19 pandemic is still going on. This has led to many secondary infections like opportunistic fungal infections . Its likely that oral lesions in patients with COVID-19 is more likely induced by co-infections, immunity impairment, and adverse reactions instead of direct SARS-CoV-2 infection. Mucormycosis is one such secondary infection caused by fungi belonging to the order Mucorales. Rhinocerebral mucormycosis is one form of mucormycosis, which targets the maxillary antrum and the&nbsp; surrounding tissues and&nbsp; cause necrotizing ulceration of the palate with exposure of underlying bone. The treatment given in mucormycosis cases include restoration of metabolic or immunologic competency, intravenous amphotericin B, and surgical debridement. Surgical debridement results in difficulty in speech, deglutition, mastication, and respiration. Both physical and psychologic needs of the patient are best served if an immediate surgical obturator is provided. Definitive prosthodontic treatment should be considered only when healing is complete.</p> Abirami Sornavel, Zeba Naaz, Zeba Naaz, Shivani Yadav, Safia Almas, Priyanka Singh Raghav Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 08 Dec 2021 05:29:11 +0000 Precision ball attachment retained overdenture – A unique treatment option for edentulous – A case report <p>The overdenture treatment provides a conservative option for rehabilitation of patients with a few key teeth remaining. Retained abutments dramatically increase the overall retention and stability of the denture. Along with these benefits, the retained teeth also provide the advantages provided by the intact periodontium which provides a positive reinforcement to the underlying bone. The overdenture treatment can be provided with or without attachments. The attachments have an added advantage of being precision made to provide improved resiliency thus preserving the abutments in the process. These attachments have the added benefit of reducing the bulk of the prosthesis. Thus the precision ball attachment supported overdenture is a boon for patients who are not willing to go for surgical options or patients in whom systemic conditions contradict a surgical procedure. This article, presents a case report aimed at highlighting the usage of precision ball attachments as an adjunct to overdenture treatment.</p> Anuraj Vijayan Anuraj Vijayan, Dr. Vishwas Bhatia, Dr. Aditya Chaudhary, Dr. Syeda Tahseen Kulsum Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 18 Dec 2021 03:50:43 +0000 One- stage indirect sinus augmentation: A Clinical Report <p>The success of implant therapy depends upon proper case selection, executed with good surgical protocol and proven by radiographic and functional outcome. This clinical report presents successful outcome of one- stage indirect sinus augmentation technique using osteotomes.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Darshana Mundhe, Prakash Kalke, Vasantha Vijayaraghavan, Madhura Jadhav Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Mon, 27 Dec 2021 03:58:25 +0000 Non-surgical Management of Skeletal Class III and Dental Class I Malocclusion -A Case Report <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>This case report discusses the nonsurgical, nonextraction therapy of a female patient, aged 21years, with a skeletal Class III malocclusion, reverse overjet and presence of retained maxillary canine bilaterally. Reverse overjet was corrected by protrusion of maxillary teeth, which contributed to alignment and leveling of teeth.&nbsp; Following fixed orthodontic treatment, there was considerable enhancement in patient's smile as well as an increase in the patient's confidence and quality of life. The profile changes and treatment results were demonstrated with proper case selection and good patient cooperation with fixed appliance therapy. At the end of treatment the patient was extremely satisfied with the results.</p> Parul Priya, Tanisha Singh, Sumit Tomar, Manish Goyal, Mukesh Kumar, Navneet Kunj Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Fri, 31 Dec 2021 06:33:59 +0000 Silver Diamine Fluoride- The New Black Magic <p>Silver diamine fluoride combines the remineralizing effects of fluoride and the antibacterial effects of silver and thus provides an alternative care path for those patients in whom traditional restorative treatment cannot be done. Many countries have recommended the use of 38% SDF for caries prevention as well as for caries arrest. SDF is proved to be more efficient as caries preventive tool when compared to fluoride varnishes and APF Gel. Other dental benefits of SDF continue to be researched and discussed in the literature. However, SDF- related black staining is of prime concern while using it in aesthetic zone. No serious adverse effects of using SDF have been reported in dentistry. SDF is safe, effective, and cost-friendly agent. We can hope that it can meet both the AAPD and ISPPD vision and mission to advance optimal oral health for all children through prevention, involvement of the society and other necessary measures.</p> Debangana Choudhury Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Thu, 11 Nov 2021 04:19:07 +0000 Short Dental Implants : A Review <p>Short dental implants appear to be a valid alternative with reasonable evidence of a high success rate to bone augmentation procedures in the treatment of atrophic alveolar ridges. This paper reviews aspects of short implant literature to give some guidelines in making their use more successful.</p> Yasaggari Mounica Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 23 Apr 2022 12:03:52 +0000 Mandibular Resection Appliances:A Review <p>Mandibular resection leads to mandibular deviation towards the defect side resulting in loss of occlusion on the unresected side,altered mandibular movements, esthetic disfigurement, difficulty in swallowing, impaired speech and articulation.Surgical Reconstruction may not be feasible in each case.Prosthetic Rehabilitation along with physical therapy helps to regain form and function in such patients and enhance their quality of life.This can be accomplished by the use of various guidance prosthesis which can efficiently retrain the mandible after resection procedures to achieve a functional occlusal relationship thereby enabling early advancement to a nearly perfect functioning permanent restoration.This paper presents an insight on the various mandibular guidance prosthesis that can be used to correct mandibular deviation following partial mandibulectomy and the rehabilitative aspects of mandibular deviation.</p> paiker jafri Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Wed, 08 Dec 2021 05:36:27 +0000 The Dermatoglyphics: Deciphering Dental Diseases <p>Dermatoglyphics is the study of pattern of ridges and configurations over the digits, palm and soles which can be used as preliminary method of diagnosis and investigation. In the existing literature, association between various dental diseases has been found with dermatoglyphics. These were initially used for the purpose of individual’s identification but its association with different medical and dental diseases has been found. Health problems can be anticipated easily if the diseases are diagnosed or detected at an early stage. Dermatoglyphics not only plays an important role in finding the association or correlation between finger print patterns and dental diseases but it is also of great help in early detection of medical and dental conditions. The aim of this article is to discuss in detail about advantages, limitations and types of the dermatoglyphics pattern and also about the existing literature and investigations conducted by various authors.</p> Surbhi Priyadarshi, Pradeep Tangade, Najmus Sahar, Rangoli Srivastava Copyright (c) 2021 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 18 Dec 2021 03:55:15 +0000 Is Ferritin one of The Missing Link in Putting Together the Pieces of Covid 19 and Mucormycosis? <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p>The exact cause of increased incidence of mucormycosis in covid-19 patient is an enigma. Cause cannot be attributed to a single factor, although many theories are doing the rounds. Predisposing factors include an immune-compromised host (both due to viral infectionas well as systemic corticosteroid therapy), diabetic ketoacidosis, zinc medications etc.Medical professionals are at a loss of words in explaining the exact cause of this phenomenon. The purpose of this review is to hypothesise if increased availability of iron in the host has any adjunctive role in increased incidence of mucormycosis in covid-19 patients.</p> <p><u>Recent findings</u>- Hyperferritenemia has been detected in covid-19 patients with increase levels in tune with high morbidity, mortality and severity of covid 19. Dual role has been attributed to this iron containing protein actingboth as a product of inflammation (released by various inflammatory cells) as well as mediator of inflammatory responses. There has been a sudden surge in zygomycetes infection particularly of the order mucorales. Mucormycosiscaused by Rhizopusoryzae sis a life threatening infection seen in covid-19 patients. A novel mechanism in pathogenesis of mucormycosis is iron acquisition.</p> sarah Copyright (c) 2022 UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES Sat, 08 Jan 2022 04:35:08 +0000