Subjective and Quantifiable Analysis of Palatal Rugae Pattern in Punjab Population

  • Jaswinder Kaur MDS Prosthodontist
  • Ashima Bali
  • Sumit
  • Neha
  • Salvina Grewal
  • Yashoodeep Singh
Keywords: Forensic Odontology, Palatoscopy, Rugae

Abstract

Abstract

Background: - Palatal Rugae are irregular, asymmetric ridges of mucous membrane extending laterally from incisive papillae and anterior part of palatal raphe. Palatal rugae patterns are relatively unique to individuals and are well protected by lips, buccal pad of fat and teeth.

Aims & Objectives: - The aim of the study was to identify pattern of palatal rugae in terms of number, size, and shape and also to compare rugae patterns in males and females of Punjab population.

Materials & Methods: - A total of 280 maxillary casts that were randomly collected and were examined  using graphite pencil and magnifying glass under adequate light  with equal number of males & females. Statistical analysis was done by T-test using SPSS software version 20.

Results: - The mean rugae were found to be more in females than males. Most prevalent form on basis of shape is found to be straight and on basis of size is primary form. Statistically, significant values were found in curved and secondary type, both more in females than males.

Conclusion: - Palatal rugae pattern is definitely a sufficient characteristic to discriminate between the genders. The present study highlighted the prevalence of palatal rugae in individuals of Punjab population. It is unique to an individual and can be used successfully in identification.

Author Biographies

Ashima Bali

         Professor ,

         Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology

         Baba Jaswant Singh Dental College, Hospital and Research Institute, Ludhiana, Punjab

Sumit

BDS, Practising Dentist

Chandigarh Dental Hospital, Shahkot

Neha

BDS, Practising Dentist

Chandigarh Dental Hospital, Shahkot

Salvina Grewal

BDS, Practising Dentist

The Dental Care Center,civil lines,s Ludhiana

Yashoodeep Singh

BDS, Practising Dentist

Dentocare, Chandigarh

References

References
1. Dayal PK. Textbook of Forensic Odontology. 1sted. Hydrabad: Paras Medical Publishers; 1998. p.49
2. Ferro KJ, Morgano SM, Driscoll CF, Freilich MA, Guckes AD, Knoernschild KL et al. Glossary of Prosthodontic Terms (GPT-9). Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. May 2017; 117(5S): e1-e105
3. Caldas IM, Magathaes T, Afonso A. Establishing identity using cheiloscopy and palatoscopy. Forensic Sci Int 2007; 165:1-9.
4. Acharya AB, Sivapathasundharam B. Forensic Odontology. In: Rajendran R. Sivapathsundharam B, editors. Shafer’s Textbook of Oral Pathology. 5th ed. New Delhi: Elsevier; 2006. pp.1199-227.
5. Thomas CJ, Kotze TJ, Van der Merwe CA. An improved statistical method for the racial classification of man by means of palatal rugae. Arch Oral Biol 1987; 32: 315–7
6. Byatnal A, Byatnal A, Kiran AR, SamataY, Guruprasad Y, Telagi N. Palatoscopy: An adjunct to forensic odontology: a comparative study among five different populations of India. J Nat Sci Biol Med 2014; 5(1): 52– 5.
7. Lysell L. Plicae palatinae transversae and papilla incisiva in man: a morphologic and genetic study. Acta Odont Scand 1955;13(Suppl 18):1-137.
8. English WR, Robinson SF, Summit JB, Oesterle LJ, Brannon RB, Morlang WM, Individuality of human palatal rugae. J. Forensic Sci. May1988; 33(3): 718-26.
9. Allen H. The palatal rugae in men; dental cosmos. 1889; 31: 66-80.
10. Kapali S, Townsend G, Richards L, Parish T, Palatal rugae patterns Australian aborigines and Caucasians. Aust Dent J Apr1997; 42(2):129-33.
11. Kashima K. Comparative study of the palatal rugae & shape of hard palate in Japanese & Indian children. Aichi Gaukin Daigaku Shigakkai Shi. March1990; 28(1Pt 2): 295-320
12. Shetty SK, Kalia S. Patil K Mahima VG. Palatal rugae pattern in Mysorean and Tibetan populations. Indian J Dent Res 2005; 16: 51- 5
13. Sonya M.S. Azab, Reham Magdy, Mohamed A. Sharaf El Deen. Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences 2016; 6: 78–83
14. Selvamani M, Hosallimath S, Madhushankari, Basandi PS, Yamunadevi A. Dimensional and morphological analysis of various rugae patterns in Kerala (South India) sample population: a cross-sectional study. J Nat Sci Biol Med Jul-Dec 2015;6(2):306-309
15. Eboh DEO. Palatal rugae patterns of Urhobos in Abraka, South-Southern Nigeria. Int J Morphol 2012;30(2):709–13.
16. Preethi N, Ashith B, Padmini AT, Kaveri H. Differences in the palatal rugae shape in two populations of India. Arch Oral Biol 2007; 52: 977–82.
17. Kumar S, Vezhavendhan N, Shanthi V, Balaji N, Sumathi MK, Vendhan P. Palatal rugoscopy among Puducherry population. J Contemp Dent Pract. May2012;13(3): 401–4
18. Hermosilla VV, San Pedro VJ, Cantin M, Suazo GIC. Palatal rugae: systemic analysis of its shape and dimensions for use inhuman identification. Int. J. Morphol 2009;27(3): 819–25.
19. Abdellatif AM, Awad SM, Hammad ShM. Comparative study ofpalatal rugae shape in two samples of Egyptian and Saudichildren. Pediatr Dent J 2011;21(2):123–8.
20. Paliwal A, Wanjari S, Parwani R. Palatal rugoscopy: establishing identity. J Forensic Dent Sci, Jan 2010;2(1):27-31.
21. Kallianpur S, Desai A, Kasetty S, Sudheendra U, Joshi P. An anthropometric analysis of facial height, arch length, and palatal rugae in the Indian and Nepalese population. J Forensic Dent Sci. Jan 2011;3(1): 33-37
22. Gautam N, Patil SG, Kishna RG, Agastya H, Mushtaq L, Kumar KV. Association of palatal rugae pattern in gender identification: An exploratory study. J contemporary dental practice June 2017;18(6): 470-473
23. Shubha C, Sujatha GP, Ashok L, Santhosh CS. A Study of Palatal Rugae Pattern among North and South Indian Population of Davanagere City. Journal Of Indian Academy Of Forensic Medicine. July-September 2013;35(3):219-222
24. Fahmi FM, Al-shamrani SM, Talic YF. Rugae pattern in a Saudi Population sample of males and females. Saudi Dental Journal May-Aug 2001;13(2): 92-95.
25. Dohke M, Osatio S. Morphological study of the palatal rugae in Japanese 1. Bilateral differences in the regressive evaluation of the palatal rugae. Jpn J Oral Biol 1994; 36:125–40.
26. Babu GS, Bharath TS, Kumar NG. Characteristics of palatal rugae patterns in west Godavari population of India. J Clin Diagn Res 2013;7(10):2356–9.
27. Gaurav A. Cheiloscopy and palatoscopy. In: Jain N, editor. Textbook of forensic odontology. Panama, India: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers; 2013. p.167.
28. Pantalacci S, Prochazka J, Martin A, Rothova M, Lambert A, Bernard L et al. Patterning of palatal rugae through sequential addition reveals an anterior/posterior boundary in palatal development. BMC Dev Biol 2008; 8:1–40.
29. Nayak P, Acharya AB, Padmini AT, Kaveri H. Differences in the palatal rugae shape in two populations of India. Arch Oral Biol 2007; 52:977–82
Published
2021-03-04
How to Cite
Jaswinder Kaur, Ashima Bali, Sumit, Neha, Salvina Grewal, & Yashoodeep Singh. (2021). Subjective and Quantifiable Analysis of Palatal Rugae Pattern in Punjab Population. UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF DENTAL SCIENCES, 7(1). Retrieved from https://ujds.in/index.php/ujds/article/view/377